Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth Sikh Guru and the second Sikh martyr, who sacrificed his life for the cause of religion and to protect human rights. The martyrdom day of Guru Tegh Bahadur is observed every year on 24th November. The Martyrdom Day of Guru Tegh Bahadur is also celebrated as Shaheedi Diwas. He was the father of Tenth Guru Gobind Singh. On 24th November 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur sacrificed his life for those who did not even belong to his community. To protect religion, human values, ideals and principles.
Guru Tegh Bahadur is also known as Hind di Chadar – the protector of India. He was born in 1621 in Amritsar, Punjab, India and was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh Guru. He became the 9th Guru of the Sikhs on 16th April 1664, a position previously held by his grandson, Guru Har Krishna. He traveled to various parts of the country including Dhaka and Assam to preach the teachings of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. Guru Tegh Bahadur was hanged on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for opposing the forced conversion of Hindus in Kashmir.