- On 30 January 2023, India observed Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas to pay homage to all the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the country.
- The day is also marked as the death anniversary of the ‘Bapu’ of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
- On the evening of 30 January, 1948, Nathuram Godse assassinated Mahatma Gandhi.
- Every year 30 January is celebrated as Martyr’s Day to remember Mahatma Gandhi and his contribution to the nation.
- Every year 23 March is also celebrated as Martyr’s Day to pay homage to the three revolutionaries of India Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.
About Mahatma Gandhi :
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar city of Gujarat. He went to London to complete his law degree and then went to South Africa to practice barrister. In 1915, he joined the Indian National Congress. During this time, he initiated various movements to fight against the British rule in India, which seriously affected the country. Various movements include Quit India Movement, Dandi March and Non-Cooperation Movement. He was known as ‘Bapu’. He chose the path of non-violence to fight against the injustice of the British government. He also opposed the partition of India. In modern Indian history, Mahatma Gandhi is one of the greatest freedom fighters of India.