International Women’s Day is a global holiday celebrated each year on 8 March to commemorate the cultural, political & socioeconomic achievements of women. It is also a focal point in the women’s rights movement, which draws attention to issues such as gender equality, reproductive rights, and violence & abuse against women.
International Women’s Day theme of 2022 is “gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow”.
History of International Women’s Day:
International Women’s Day was observed first time in 1911. The United Nations began celebrating International Women’s Day in the International Women’s Year, 1975.
In 1977 the United Nations General Assembly invited member states to proclaim 8 March as the UN Day for women’s rights and world peace.
The 4th Jan Aushadhi Diwas is celebrated on 7 March 2022 by the Pharmaceuticals & Medical Devices Bureau of India (PMBI).
Jan Aushadhi Diwas is celebrated on 7th March 2022 by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Bureau of India (PMBI). The day is observed to spread awareness about the use of generic medicines & the benefits of Jan Aushadhi Project. The theme of 4th Janaushadhi Day is “Jan Aushadhi – Jan Upyoi”.
The Janaushadhi Kendras is world’s biggest retail pharma chain having around 6,200 outlets in 700 districts of the country. It also provides a good source of self-employment with sustainable & regular earnings. The 1st Jan Aushadhi Diwas was celebrated on 7th of March 2019.
PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the Pune Metro Rail Project on 4th March 2022. He also laid the foundation stone & inaugurated several development projects in Pune.
The 12-km section of Pune Metro has become operational and the remaining 21-km section will be commissioned by Mar 2023 covering a distance of 33.2 km with 30 stations. The cost of the metro project is Rs 11,400 crore.
While metro services were available in very few cities till 2014, in 2022, more than 12 cities are taking advantage of metro services or are on the verge of getting this facility. Looking at Mumbai, Thane, Nagpur and Pimpri-Chinchwad Pune, Maharashtra has a large share in this expansion.
The 53rd Raising Day ceremony of Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF) was celebrate on 6 March 2022 in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.
The 53rd Raising Day ceremony of Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF) was organised on 6 March 2022, in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh. Union Home Minister Amit Shah has attended & addressed the Raising Day ceremony of Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF) at Ghaziabad’s Indirapuram.
Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF) was set up under the act of the Parliament of India on March 10, 1969.
Union Minister of Railways, Communications and Electronics & Information Technology, Shri Ashwini Vaishnav inspected the trial of ‘Kavach’ functioning between Gullaguda-Chitgidda Railway Stations on Lingampalli-Vikarabad section in Secunderabad Division of South Central Railway on 4th March 2022.
The ‘Kavach’ was extensively tested. The Hon’ble Minister was on the automatic engine which went from Gullaguda to Chitgidda. The Chairman & CEO, Railway Board, Mr. V.K. Tripathi was on automatic engine that was going from Chitgidda to Gullah Guda. During testing, both the engines came face to face and a collision situation was created.
The ‘Kavach’ system started using an automatic braking system and stopped the engines at a distance of 380 metres. Also, testing was done to cross the red signal; However, the engine did not cross the red signal as the ‘Kavach’ required automatic braking. The automatic whistling sound was loud and clear as the gate signal approached.
The ‘Kavach’ is there to provide protection to trains crossing signals at danger (red) and to prevent collisions. It automatically activates the train braking system if the driver fails to control the train as per the speed limit. In addition, it prevents collision between two engines in which the ‘Kavach’ system is working.
‘Kavach’ is one of the most affordable, Totally Protection Level 4 (SIL-4) certified technologies with a probability of error in 10,000 years. Also, it opens up avenues for export of indigenous technology for the Railways.
Preventing crossing of signals in danger (SPAD).
Continuous update of train movement with the location of signals in Driver Machine Interface (DMI) / Loco Pilot Operation cum Indication Panel (LPOCIP).
Automatic braking to prevent over speeding.
Auto whistle blowing while approaching the level crossing gates.
According to the latest edition of Knight Frank’s Wealth Report 2022, India ranks 3rd in terms of the largest number of billionaire population globally in 2021.
India 3rd ranks in terms of population of billionaires globally in 2021. The number of ultra-high-net-worth-individuals (UHNWIs) in India grew by 11% to 145 billionaires in 2021, the highest percentage increase. Asia Pacific (APAC) region. UHNWIs are individuals who have a net worth of US$30m or more (Rs 226 crore).
Top 5 countries with the largest number of billionaires in 2021:
United States 748 China 554 India 145 Germany 136 Russia 121
National Safety Day is observed to celebrate the base & foundation of the National Safety Council every year on 4th March. The National Safety Council is a non-profit & self-financing organisation running at the national level. It aims to raise awareness about safety protocols & measures that need to be undertaken seriously to avoid any type of accidents or mishappenings.
History of the National Safety Day :
National Safety Day was 1st observed on the foundation day of the National Safety Council in 1972. It was set up by the Ministry of Labour & Employment on 4th March 1965 to develop & bring into practise a voluntary routine on Safety, Health, Environment.
The National Safety Day it’s 49th year, as it continuously grows to be a widely celebrated national campaign in the country. The day is signifies the protection of society & establishing a practical mindset among people to create a wholesome surrounding.
The World Wildlife Day is observed each year on 3rd March to raise awareness about the world’s wild fauna & flora.
On 20 December 2013, at its 68th session, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), decided to proclaim 3rd March, the international day of the adoption of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna & Flora (CITES) on the planet raise awareness & benefits fauna & flora in 1973, as World Wildlife Day. The commemoration was proposed by Thailand to celebrate & raise awareness of the world’s wild fauna & flora.
World Wildlife Day 2022 under the theme“Recovering key species for ecosystem restoration”, as a way to draw attention to the conservation status of some of the most critically endangered species of wild fauna & flora, to drive discussions towards imagining & implementing solutions to conserve them.
Foreign Ministry spokesperson Arindam Bagchi, informed that about 17,000 Indians have crossed the borders of Ukraine on 2nd March 2022.
The number of safe evacuation of Indian nationals from Ukraine is increasing rapidly. According to Foreign Ministry spokesperson Arindam Bagchi, about 17,000 Indians have crossed the borders of Ukraine after the advisory was issued. These include Indians who had not registered their names with the embassy earlier.
Three thousand 352 Indians have returned home in 15 flights. He said that Indian Air Force aircraft have also joined Operation Ganga and the first flight from Bucharest is likely to reach Delhi. He also said that the situation in the cities of eastern Ukraine is worrying due to the continuing violence.
What is Operation Ganga ?
India launched a evacuation plan named ‘Operation Ganga’ to bring home its citizens from Ukraine.
International Women’s Day (IWD) is celebrated annually on March 8 to commemorate the cultural, political, and socioeconomic achievements of women. It is also a focal point in the women’s rights movement, bringing attention to issues such as gender equality, reproductive rights, and violence and abuse against women.
This year, Ministry of Women and Child Development will celebrate the International Women’s Day week from 1st to 8th March 2022 as an ‘Iconic Week’ as a part of ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’.
As a part of the week-long celebration for International Women’s Day, the Ministry will organize various events and social media campaigns covering a variety of themes related to women’s safety and empowerment.
The events are being organised in partnership with national and international organisations and experts, with active participation planned with women and children, as well as personnel who work directly for their protection and empowerment.