World Leprosy day 2023 : 29 January

  • World Leprosy Day is observed on the last Sunday of January. In Year 2023, World Leprosy Day was observed on 29th January.
  • In India, The day is celebrated every year on 30th January to mark the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The aim of the day is to raise awareness about leprosy.
  • The day was chosen as a tribute to the life of Mahatma Gandhi by the French humanitarian, Raoul Folreau, who did a lot of work with many affected individuals by leprosy.
  • The theme of the Day in 2023 is “Act Now : End Leprosy”.

Leprosy :

  • Leprosy is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) that still occurs in more than 120 countries with more than 200000 new cases reported every year.
  • It is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae.
  • It mainly affects the mucosa of the skin, nerves, upper respiratory tract and eyes.
  • Its infection occurs by coming close to the patient and coming in repeated contact.
  • Leprosy is curable with multi drug therapy (MDT). If left untreated, it can cause significant damage to the skin, nerves, organs and eyes.
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