National Current Affairs

National Current Affairs of India, Important for competitive Exams.

Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Anil Chauhan presided over the first session of the Combined Leadership Conclave in New Delhi

  • Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Anil Chauhan presided over the first session of the Combined Leadership Conclave in New Delhi on December 6, 2023.
  • The conclave spans three days and concentrates on geo-strategic issues, national security, defense, emerging security challenges, and self-reliance in defense.
  • General Chauhan provided insights into modern warfare and national security during the session, according to a statement from the Defence Ministry.
  • The conclave serves as a development program for senior officers of the three services, with a specific focus on regional and national security issues.

Q: Who is the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) of India?

a) General Bipin Rawat
b) Admiral Karambir Singh
c) Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria
d) General Anil Chauhan

Answer:d) General Anil Chauhan

Indian Navy Day celebrated on 4 December 2023 at at Sindhudurg in Maharashtra

  1. Indian Navy Day is observed on December 4th annually to commemorate the 1971 attack on Karachi harbor during the war with Pakistan.
  2. The theme for this year’s Navy Day is ‘Operational Efficiency, Readiness, and Mission Accomplishment in the Maritime Domain.’
  3. The day pays tribute to the courage and sacrifices of the Indian Navy in protecting the nation’s maritime borders.
  4. The Indian Navy played a crucial role in securing India’s victory in the 1971 war, particularly through Operation Trident, which significantly damaged the Pakistani Navy’s western fleet.
  5. Prime Minister Narendra Modi participated in the Navy Day program at Sindhudurg in Maharashtra this year.
  6. The Navy Day celebrations occurred at the historic Sindhudurg Fort, constructed in the 17th century by Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
  7. The fort symbolizes Maharashtra’s historical richness and the maritime strength of the Marathas.


  1. When is Indian Navy Day celebrated annually?
    • a) December 1st
    • b) December 4th
    • c) November 15th
    • d) January 26th
  2. What event is commemorated on Indian Navy Day?
    • a) Independence Day
    • b) Victory in Kargil War
    • c) 1971 attack on Karachi harbor
    • d) Naval Day
  3. Which operation during the 1971 war crippled the Pakistani Navy’s western fleet?
    • a) Operation Blue Star
    • b) Operation Trident
    • c) Operation Desert Storm
    • d) Operation Vijay
  4. Where did Prime Minister Narendra Modi participate in the Navy Day program in 2023?
    • a) Goa
    • b) Kochi in Kerala
    • c) Sindhudurg in Maharashtra
    • d) Chennai in Tamil Nadu
  5. Which historic fort off the Maharashtra coast hosts the Navy Day celebrations 2023?
    • a) Red Fort
    • b) Sindhudurg Fort
    • c) Jaigarh Fort
    • d) Golconda Fort
  6. Who constructed the Sindhudurg Fort in the 17th century?
    • a) Akbar the Great
    • b) Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
    • c) Aurangzeb
    • d) Rana Pratap

World’s first portable hospital ‘Aarogya Maitri Aid Cube’ unveiled in Gurugram

The World’s first portable hospital, ‘Aarogya Maitri Aid Cube’ was unveiled on 2 December 2023 in Gurugram. Designed indigenously under the Project ‘BHISHM’, the modular trauma management and aid system is made up of 72 detachable mini-cubes, each being a specialized station for emergency response and humanitarian efforts.

This portable hospital can handle bullet injuries, burns, head, spinal and chest injuries, minor surgeries, fractures and major bleeding. It can treat as many as 200 patients. These cubes are light and portable, and can be rapidly deployed anywhere, from airdrops to ground transportation.

Q: The world’s first portable hospital, ‘Aarogya Maitri Aid Cube,’ was unveiled on 2nd December 2023 in which city?

a) Mumbai
b) Gurugram
c) New Delhi
d) Bangalore

Answer: b) Gurugram

Cyclone Michaung over the southwest Bay of Bengal to make landfall in Tamil Nadu on December 4

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has forecasted a cyclonic storm named Cyclone Michaung over the southwest Bay of Bengal, expected to make landfall in coastal districts of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh on December 4.

An ‘orange’ alert has been issued by the government agency for Tamil Nadu, as well as coastal and interior Andhra Pradesh on December 3 and 4. Cyclone Michaung is the fourth tropical cyclone of the year in the Bay of Bengal.

About Cyclones

  • The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) classifies cyclones into two categories: extratropical cyclones and tropical cyclones.
  • A cyclone is a large-scale system of air rotating around the center of a low-pressure area, characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate anticlockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • Extratropical cyclones, also known as mid-latitude cyclones, occur outside the tropics and have cold air at their core. They derive energy from the interaction of cold and warm air masses and always have one or more fronts connected to them.
  • Tropical cyclones develop in the regions between the Tropics of Capricorn and Cancer and are the most devastating storms on Earth. They derive energy from the latent heat released when water vapor condenses into liquid water. Unlike extratropical cyclones, tropical cyclones do not have associated warm fronts or cold fronts.
  • Tropical cyclones have different names depending on their location and strength, such as hurricanes in the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, the North Atlantic Ocean, and the eastern and central North Pacific Ocean, while in the western North Pacific, they are called typhoons.

Q: What is the name of the cyclonic storm forecasted by the India Meteorological Department over the southwest Bay of Bengal in December 2023?

a. Cyclone Amphan
b. Cyclone Nivar
c. Cyclone Michaung
d. Cyclone Vayu

Answer: c. Cyclone Michaung

59th Raising Day of Border Security Force is celebrated at BSF Meru Training Centre on December 1, 2023

Union Home Minister Amit Shah attended the 59th Raising Day of the Border Security Force (BSF) at BSF Meru Training Centre in Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, on December 1, 2023.

  • The BSF, established on December 1, 1965, after the 1965 Indo-Pak war, aims to ensure the security of India’s borders.
  • The BSF plays a crucial role in safeguarding borders with Bangladesh and Pakistan, deploying along the Line of Control and manning approximately 192 km of the international border with Pakistan.
  • In 2021, the BSF faced challenges like tunneling, drone activities, and smuggling attempts but successfully countered all adversary attempts.
  • The BSF is known for its courage and professionalism, contributing significantly to India’s security and actively participating in humanitarian efforts during crises and calamities.
  • The 59th Raising Day parade of the BSF was held at Hazaribagh, where the oldest training center of the force is located, deviating from the previous practice of organizing it only in New Delhi.

Q: Where did Union Home Minister Amit Shah attended the 59th Raising Day parade of the BSF on 1 December 2023?

a. New Delhi
b. Mumbai
c. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand
d. Kolkata

c. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand

17-day long rescue operation in Uttarakhand ends in success with safe evacuation of all 41 workers

A 17-day multi-agency rescue operation in Uttarakhand successfully concluded on November 28, 2023, with the safe evacuation of 41 workers trapped in the Silkyari tunnel.

  1. The tunnel collapse occurred on the 12th November 2023 due to a landslide during its construction, trapping the workers inside.
  2. The trapped workers were supplied with essential provisions such as dry food, meals, oxygen, and communication instruments through dedicated pipelines during the operation.
  3. On the 17th day, all 41 workers were successfully taken out of the tunnel, and Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami welcomed them with garlands.
  4. The workers are reported to be in good health and are currently receiving care at the Community Health Center at Chinyalisaur.
  5. The successful outcome of the rescue operation was attributed to the swift and diligent actions of various central and state government agencies, with unwavering cooperation from the Center and continuous communication from the Prime Minister.

Q: What was the cause of of the 17-day-long multi-agency rescue operation in Uttarakhand in November?

  • a) Earthquake
  • b) Tunnel collapse due to a landslide
  • c) Flood
  • d) Industrial accident

Ans : b) Tunnel collapse due to a landslide

Defence Minister Unveils crest of Project 15B stealth guided missile destroyer “Imphal”

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and Manipur Chief Minister N Biren Singh unveiled the crest of Project 15B stealth guided missile destroyer Yard 12706 (Imphal) in New Delhi on November 28, 2023.

  1. Crest Design: The crest design includes the Kangla Palace on the left and ‘Kangla-Sa’ on the right. The Kangla Palace is a significant historical and archaeological site in Manipur, while the ‘Kangla-Sa’ is a mythical being with a dragon’s head and lion’s body, representing the protector of the people and the state emblem of Manipur.
  2. Symbolic Tribute: The crest serves as a tribute to the sacrifice made by the people of Manipur for India’s independence, sovereignty, and security.
  3. Indigenous Shipbuilding: The ship, Yard 12706 (Imphal), is a hallmark of indigenous shipbuilding, showcasing technological advancement. It is considered one of the most technologically advanced warships globally.
  4. Project 15B Destroyer: Yard 12706 (Imphal) is the third among the four Project 15B stealth-guided missile destroyers. It holds the distinction of being the first capital warship named after a city in the North-Eastern region.
  5. Significance: The ship signifies the commitment to national security and pays homage to the historical and cultural heritage of Manipur.

Q: What is depicted on the crest of Project 15B stealth guided missile destroyer Yard 12706 (Imphal)?

  • A. Taj Mahal
  • B. Kangla Palace and ‘Kangla-Sa’
  • C. Red Fort
  • D. Himalayan Mountains

Ans :B. Kangla Palace and ‘Kangla-Sa’

PM Modi takes sortie on indigenous Tejas aircraft in Bengaluru

Prime Minister Narendra Modi took a sortie in the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft Tejas in Bengaluru on November 25, 2023, as part of a push for Make in India. The visit to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Bengaluru was to review the progress of the production of Light Combat Aircraft Tejas, for which the Indian Air Force has ordered 83 aircraft.

  1. The Chief of Airforce, Air Chief Marshal V R Chaudhari, recently received the first LCA twin-seater trainer aircraft from HAL in Bengaluru.
  2. The Prime Minister has been advocating for indigenous production of defense products and has set a target of five billion dollars in defense exports by 2024-25.
  3. India’s defense exports reached an all-time high of 15,920 crore rupees during the financial year 2022-23.

Question: How many Light Combat Aircraft Tejas has the Indian Air Force ordered?

a) 50 aircraft
b) 65 aircraft
c) 83 aircraft
d) 100 aircraft

Ans : c) 83 aircraft

Justice Fathima Beevi, first female Judge of Supreme Court of India, passes away at age of 96

Justice M. Fathima Beevi, the first female Judge appointed to the Supreme Court of India, passed away on 23 November 2023 at the age of 96 in Kollam, Kerala.

  1. Starting as an advocate in Kerala, she progressed to become a district and sessions judge in 1974, later joining the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal in 1980.
  2. In 1983, she was appointed as a High Court judge, and in 1989, she made history by becoming the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court of India.
  3. During her tenure as a Supreme Court judge, she achieved the distinction of being the first Muslim woman in the higher judiciary and the first woman to become a Supreme Court Justice in an Asian country.
  4. Following her retirement in 1993, Justice Beevi served as a member of the National Human Rights Commission and later as the Governor of Tamil Nadu.

Q.: Who was the first female Judge appointed to the Supreme Court of India ?

a) Sarojini Naidu
b) Arundhati Roy
c) M. Fathima Beevi
d) Kiran Bedi

c) M. Fathima Beevi

Joint Military Exercise AUSTRAHIND-23 in Perth, Australia till 6th December 2023

On November 22, 2023, an Indian Armed Forces contingent of 81 personnel departed for Australia to participate in the second edition of Joint Military Exercise AUSTRAHIND-23.

  1. The exercise will take place in Perth, Australia, and is scheduled to continue until the 6th December 2023.
  2. The Indian Army contingent is comprised of 60 personnel from a Battalion of the GORKHA Rifles, while the Australian Army contingent consists of 60 personnel from the 13th Brigade.
  3. In addition to the Army, personnel from the Indian Navy and Indian Air Force will also participate, along with 20 personnel each from the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force on the Australian side.
  4. The main objectives of the exercise, as stated by the Ministry of Defence, include fostering a collaborative partnership, sharing best practices, promoting interoperability in multi-domain operations, and exchanging ideas through the joint rehearsal of tactics, techniques, and procedures for conducting tactical operations.

Q.: Where will the AUSTRAHIND-23 joint military exercise be conducted?

  • A. New Delhi, India
  • B. Perth, Australia
  • C. GORKHA Rifles, India
  • D. 13th Brigade, Australia

Ans : B. Perth, Australia

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