International Current Affairs

International Current Affairs for competitive Exams.

Iran-Israel Tensions: Iran launched attack on Israel, deploying more than 300 drones and missiles

Iran-Israel Tensions: In recent days, tensions between Iran and Israel have escalated, causing global concern.

Iran’s Retaliation:

  • On April 13, 2024, Iran launched an unprecedented attack on Israel, deploying more than 300 drones and missiles.
  • Israel’s preparedness, Defence Forces (IDF) with a defense coalition of international partners shot down 99% Of Missiles, Drones From Iranian attack.
  • This assault was in retaliation for an Israeli strike on an Iranian diplomatic compound in Damascus, Syria, on April 1.

International Response:

  • President Biden condemned Iran’s attack and reaffirmed the United States’ “ironclad” commitment to Israeli security.
  • Other allies, including Germany, Canada, France, and Britain, expressed support for Israel while expressing concerns that Tehran’s actions could further destabilize the Middle East.

Q: What triggered Iran’s recent attack on Israel?

A. Israeli strike on an Iranian consulate in Damascus
B. Iran’s secret pursuit of nuclear weapons
C. Iran’s support for Hezbollah
D. Israel’s interference in Syria’s civil war

Ans : A. Israeli strike on an Iranian consulate in Damascus

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Simon Harris became Ireland’s youngest ever prime minister

Simon Harris became Ireland’s youngest prime minister on April 9, 2024.

  1. Harris, aged 37, previously served as health and higher education minister.
  2. His election as leader of Fine Gael last month made him the successor to Leo Varadkar as the country’s 16th prime minister.
  3. Harris has significant political experience, having been elected to parliament at 24 and appointed to cabinet before turning 30.

Q: Who became Ireland’s youngest prime minister on April 9, 2024?

a) Leo Varadkar
b) Simon Harris
c) Micheal Martin
d) Michael McGrath

Ans : b) Simon Harris

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Abdel Fattah al-Sisi elected president of Egypt for third term

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi sworn in for third term as Egyptian President on April 2, 2024.

  1. Sisi won the Presidential election with 89.6% of the vote in December last year.
  2. His presidency extends until 2030.
  3. Sisi pledges to prioritize the interests of the Egyptian people.
  4. Egypt has faced significant economic challenges, addressed with foreign loans and investments.

Q: Who has been elected president for a third term in Egypt?

a) Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
b) Hosni Mubarak
c) Anwar Sadat
d) Mohammed Morsi

Ans : a) Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

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Hindustan Aeronautics Limited delivered two Dornier 228 planes to the Guyana Defence Force

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) delivered two Dornier 228 planes to the Guyana Defence Force on 1st April 2024.

  1. The planes were transported to the Cheddi Jagan International Airport aboard two Boeing C-17 Globemaster military transport planes.
  2. President Mohamed Irfaan Ali announced the delivery on social media, expressing gratitude to HAL.
  3. President Ali had previously visited an HAL facility in India and expressed interest in the Dornier 228 aircraft.
  4. The delivery of the Dornier 228 planes will enhance Guyana’s defense capabilities and strengthen bilateral ties between the two nations.

Q: What type of aircraft did Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) deliver to the Guyana Defence Force in April 2024?

a) Boeing C-17 Globemaster
b) Dornier 228
c) Airbus A320
d) Lockheed Martin F-16

Ans : b) Dornier 228

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Bassirou Diomaye Faye is elected President of Senegal

The Constitutional Council of Senegal, the westernmost country in Africa, has confirmed the victory of opposition candidate Bassirou Diomaye Faye in the presidential election.

  1. The validation by the top court was based on provisional results announced earlier, which accounted for 100% of the polling stations.
  2. Faye secured over 54% of the votes in the delayed presidential poll held last Sunday, while the ruling coalition candidate, Amadou Ba, received over 35%.
  3. Faye is set to be inaugurated as the fifth president of Senegal on April 2, replacing the outgoing President Macky Sall.

Q: Who won the Senegal’s presidential election recently?

a) Macky Sall
b) Amadou Ba
c) Ousmane Sonko
d) Bassirou Diomaye Faye

Correct answer: d) Bassirou Diomaye Faye

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Indian Navy rescued 23 Pakistani nationals from Somali pirates in Arabian Sea

On March 29, 2024, the Indian Navy conducted a successful 12-hour-long operation in the Arabian Sea, rescuing 23 Pakistani nationals from Somali pirates.

  1. The operation showcased the Indian Navy’s tactical expertise and strategic coordination, leading to negotiations with the pirates and their subsequent surrender without any violence.
  2. This event marks a significant victory for the Indian Navy in its efforts to combat piracy and ensure the safety of maritime activities in the region.
  3. Prior to the rescue operation, on March 28, based on intelligence regarding a potential piracy incident involving the Iranian Fishing Vessel ‘Al Kambar 786’, two Indian Naval ships, INS Sumedha and INS Trishul, were diverted from their maritime security operations in the Arabian Sea to intercept the hijacked fishing vessel.
  4. The incident took place approximately 90 nautical miles southwest of Socotra.

Q: Where did the Indian Navy conduct the operation to rescue the Pakistani nationals from Somali pirates in March 2024?

a) Bay of Bengal
b) Indian Ocean
c) Arabian Sea
d) South China Sea

Ans : c) Arabian Sea

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Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore was rammed by a cargo ship and collapsed into the Patapsco River.

The Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore was rammed by a cargo ship and collapsed into the Patapsco River on 26 March 2024. Six individuals presumed dead after the collapse of the Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore, Maryland, due to a cargo ship collision.

  1. The cargo ship, Dali, flying the Singapore flag, collided with a pillar of the bridge while departing from the Port of Baltimore to Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  2. All 22 crew members aboard the Dali were Indian, highlighting India’s significant role in global seafaring.
  3. Emergency responders managed to rescue two individuals from the water.
  4. Maryland Governor Wes Moore praised the quick response of the bridge’s crew, referring to them as “heroes” and acknowledging that their prompt actions saved lives by halting traffic flow just moments before the collision.
  5. US President Joe Biden plans to request funds from Congress for the reconstruction of the bridge.
  6. The Federal Transportation Safety Agency will initiate an investigation into the safety record of the cargo ship and the construction and design of the bridge.
  7. The collapse has led to the suspension of all operations at the Port of Baltimore, a major maritime terminal in the United States.
  8. The Francis Scott Key Bridge, constructed in the 1970s, was a crucial crossing point for Baltimore Harbor.

Q: What caused the collapse of the Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore, Maryland in March 2024 ?

a) Earthquake
b) Cargo ship collision
c) Structural failure
d) High winds

Ans : b) Cargo ship collision

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UN Security Council passed a resolution for an immediate ceasefire between Israel and Hamas in Gaza

The UN Security Council passed a resolution on March 25, 2024, calling for an immediate ceasefire between Israel and Hamas in Gaza, as well as the unconditional release of all hostages.

  1. Fourteen countries supported the resolution, but notably, the United States, a key supporter of Israel, abstained from voting.
  2. US ambassador to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, attributed the delay in passing the ceasefire resolution to disagreements, primarily blaming Hamas.
  3. Since the October 7 strikes, the UN Security Council has been divided over the Israel-Hamas conflict, with only two out of eight resolutions being passed, both focusing on providing humanitarian aid to Gaza.

Q: UN Security Council passed the resolution on March 25, 2024, for an immediate ceasefire in Gaza. Which countries are involved in the conflict?

A) Israel and Egypt
B) Israel and Jordan
C) Israel and Palestine
D) Israel and Lebanon

Answer: C) Israel and Palestine

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi Honored with Bhutan’s Highest Civilian Award Order Of The Druk Gyalpo

King of Bhutan conferred Bhutan’s highest civilian award, the Order of the Druk Gyalpo, on Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 22 March 2024 in Thimpu.

  1. Modi is the first foreign leader to receive this prestigious award.
  2. The citation of the Order recognizes Modi’s personal accomplishments, leadership, and contributions to strengthening the friendship between India and Bhutan.
  3. Modi and the King of Bhutan held talks, renewing commitment to the special India-Bhutan friendship and discussing ways to elevate bilateral ties.
  4. They reviewed bilateral cooperation, discussed initiatives in energy, development, youth, education, entrepreneurship, and connectivity.
  5. Investment proposals, including the Gelephu Mindfulness City project, were also discussed.
  6. Modi also met with the Fourth King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, discussing friendship, cooperation, and regional issues.

Q: What is the highest civilian award of Bhutan conferred to Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently?

a) Order of Bhutan
b) Order of the Dragon
c) Order of the Druk Gyalpo
d) Order of the Himalayas

Ans : c) Order of the Druk Gyalpo

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Vladimir Putin Wins Russian Presidential Elections

Vladimir Putin has secured a record fifth term as President of Russia. The election took place from 15 to 17 March 2024.

The official results indicate that he received an impressive 87.97% of the votes.

Communist candidate Nikolai Kharitonov finished second and newcomer Vladislav Davankov third.

Question: Who has been elected as the President in the recent Russian presidential elections?

A) Vladimir Putin
B) Alexei Navalny
C) Dmitry Medvedev
D) Mikhail Gorbachev

Ans : A) Vladimir Putin

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