Current Affairs in English

To the point Current Affairs for Competitive Exams.

World Teacher’s Day 2022 : 5th October

World Teacher’s Day or International Teacher’s Day is celebrated every year on 5th October. It is a day to celebrate, thank and honor teachers for their contributions to their students. On this day, many people come together and organize meetings, conferences and the like to identify the problems being faced by teachers in the country as well as globally and to find solutions to those issues.

Theme :

The Theme is “The Transformation of Education Begins with Teachers”.

History :

Established in 1994 following the recommendation of UNESCO concerning teachers, the day is celebrated in 1996 as “Teaching in Freedom”. In 1994, 5th October was declared as World Teachers’ Day by UNESCO in honor of the adoption of the UNESCO/ILO recommendation. Following the adoption of this recommendation, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared 5th October as World Teachers’ Day.

Significance :

On World Teacher’s Day, the service of teachers and their contribution to education is saluted. It is an opportunity to reflect on the challenges related to the teaching profession. The day is an occasion to address the issues related to the teaching profession and to recognize the rights and responsibilities of teachers.

ICC Men’s T20 World Cup 2022 is starting from 16 October.

  • The 2022 ICC Men’s T20 World Cup is going to be the 8th ICC Men’s T20 World Cup tournament.
  • It is scheduled to be played in Australia from 16th October to 13th November 2022.
  • The Indian team going to the T20 World Cup 2022 has left for Australia on 6th October.
  • The team will travel to Perth before traveling to Sydney where they are scheduled to play two warm-up matches against New Zealand and hosts Australia before taking on Pakistan in the most important opener on 23rd October.

PM Modi inaugurates AIIMS in Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) at Kothipura in Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh.
  • Spread over an area of ​​about 247 acres, this Rs 1,471 crore 750 bedded premier medical institution will provide super specialty medical treatment to the people of the area.
  • PM Modi also inaugurated 140 crore Government Hydro Engineering College at Bandla, Bilaspur.
  • Himachal Pradesh is a land of opportunities. Himachal Pradesh has immense potential for medical tourism and the state will become a health and tourism hub for the country.

India is now the world largest producer of sugar.

  • India has emerged as the world’s largest producer and second largest exporter of sugar.
  • In the sugar season 2021-22, more than five thousand lakh metric tonnes of sugarcane was produced in the country.
  • Out of this 35 lakh metric tonnes of sugar was produced in ethanol production and 359 lakh metric tonnes of sugar was produced by sugar mills.
  • This season has proved to be a watershed season for the Indian sugar sector. Record highest sugar export of over 109 lakh metric tonnes has been recorded.

Caroline Bertozzi, Morten Medel and Barry Sharpless won the Nobel Prize 2022 in Chemistry.

  • The Nobel Prize 2022 in Chemistry has been awarded jointly to Caroline Bertozzi, Morton Medel and Barry Sharpless for their work on snipping molecules together, which is known as click chemistry.
  • “Click” chemistry is all about linking together like molecules in living cells. Their work is used to locate and track biological processes in cells and could be applied in cancer treatment drugs.
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences member Johan Equist announced the winners on 5th October at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden.

FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022

  • The FIFA World Cup 2022 will be held in Qatar from 21st November 2022 to 18th December 2022.
  • The 32 countries are set to compete against each other for the World Cup.
  • This international men’s football championship is being held in an Arab country for the first time.
  • The 1st match of the tournament will be played between Qatar and Ecuador at Al Bayat Stadium, Al Khor.
  • The final is scheduled to be held on 18th December 2022.

What is FIFA ?

International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) is an international governing body of association football, beach football and futsal. It was founded in 1904 to oversee international competition. It Headquartered in Zürich, Switzerland, its membership now comprises 211 national associations.

Indian Railways converted 500 Mail Express trains into Superfast class.

  • Indian Railways has converted 500 Mail Express trains into Superfast class.
  • In addition, 130 services (65 pairs) have also been speeded up by converting to superfast category.
  • The Ministry of Railways has released its new All India Railway Time Table, which has become effective from 1st October 2022. The new All India Railway Time Table is also available on the official website of Indian Railways from 1st October, 2022.
  • Overall the average speed of all trains has increased by about 5%, leaving about 5% additional routes available for operation of more trains.
  • The punctuality for Mail Express trains of Indian Railways during the year 2022-23 stood at around 84%, which is about 9 per cent higher than the punctuality of 75% in 2019-20.

Mars Orbiter Mission : India’s Mars Orbiter Craft has completed 8 years.

  • The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) – a technology demonstration enterprise – is the 1st interplanetary mission of the National Space Agency, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
  • India’s Mars Orbiter Craft has completed eight years in its orbit, well ahead of its designed mission life of six months. However, further plans on the ‘Mangalyaan’ mission to the Red Planet are yet to be confirmed.
  • It was launched on 5th November 2013 and the probe was successfully inserted into the orbit of Mars on its first attempt on 24th September 2014.
  • It is India’s 1st interplanetary mission and the 4th space agency to achieve Mars orbit. India became the 1st Asian country to reach Mars orbit and the 1st country in the world to reach Mars in its first attempt.

Swedish geneticist Svante Pabo has won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 2022.

  • Swedish geneticist Svante Pabo has won the Nobel Prize 2022 in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries that give us an understanding of how modern humans evolved from extinct ancestors.
  • On 3rd October 2022, the Nobel Prize Committee, Svante Pabo, was awarded the prize “for his discoveries concerning the genome of extinct hominins & human evolution”.
  • Considered the most prestigious prize in the scientific world, it is awarded by the Nobel Assembly of Sweden’s Karolinska Institute & is worth 10 million Swedish crowns ($900,357).
  • 67-year-old Pabo did his prized studies at the University of Munich in Germany and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig. Pabo Sune is the son of Bergstrom, who received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1982.

National Wildlife Week 2022 : 2 to 8 October.

68th National Wildlife Week is celebrated across India from 2nd to 8th October 2022. The main objective of this campaign is to promote the conservation and protection of animal life. It teaches people about animal life and encourages them to save a large number of animals by not killing them for their food or other purposes.

History :

The Wildlife Board of India established Wildlife Week in 1952 to raise awareness about the long-term objectives of wildlife conservation across India. Wildlife Day was first observed in 1955, but was later renamed as Wildlife Week in 1957. The week includes workshops for people of all ages to understand the complexities of wildlife.