Current Affairs

Iran-Israel Tensions: Iran launched attack on Israel, deploying more than 300 drones and missiles

Iran-Israel Tensions: In recent days, tensions between Iran and Israel have escalated, causing global concern.

Iran’s Retaliation:

  • On April 13, 2024, Iran launched an unprecedented attack on Israel, deploying more than 300 drones and missiles.
  • Israel’s preparedness, Defence Forces (IDF) with a defense coalition of international partners shot down 99% Of Missiles, Drones From Iranian attack.
  • This assault was in retaliation for an Israeli strike on an Iranian diplomatic compound in Damascus, Syria, on April 1.

International Response:

  • President Biden condemned Iran’s attack and reaffirmed the United States’ “ironclad” commitment to Israeli security.
  • Other allies, including Germany, Canada, France, and Britain, expressed support for Israel while expressing concerns that Tehran’s actions could further destabilize the Middle East.

Q: What triggered Iran’s recent attack on Israel?

A. Israeli strike on an Iranian consulate in Damascus
B. Iran’s secret pursuit of nuclear weapons
C. Iran’s support for Hezbollah
D. Israel’s interference in Syria’s civil war

Ans : A. Israeli strike on an Iranian consulate in Damascus

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DRDO and Indian Army conduct successful trials Man Portable Anti-tank Guided Missile Weapon System (MPATGM)

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully conducted trials of the of indigenous Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) Weapon System at the Pokhran Field Firing Range (PFFR), Rajasthan on April 13, 2024. These trials included assessing the missile’s performance, warhead capability, and the overall effectiveness of the system.

  • The MPATGM system, which includes the missile itself, the Man Portable Launcher, the Target Acquisition System (TAS), and the Fire Control Unit (FCU), was developed indigenously by DRDO.
  • The trials demonstrated the system’s capability to meet the requirements outlined in the General Staff Qualitative Requirements (GSQR) of the Indian Army. Additionally, the penetration trials of the Tandem Warhead System were successful, confirming its ability to defeat modern armor-protected Main Battle Tanks (MBTs).
  • The MPATGM system features day/night and top attack capabilities, along with a dual-mode seeker functionality, enhancing its effectiveness in tank warfare.

The successful development and demonstrations mark the readiness of the system for final user evaluation trials, paving the way for its induction into the Indian Army.

Q: Where were the trials of the indigenous Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) Weapon System conducted?

a) Chandipur Integrated Test Range (ITR)
b) ISRO, Bengaluru
c) Pokhran Field Firing Range (PFFR), Rajasthan
d) DRDO Hyderabad

Ans: c) Pokhran Field Firing Range (PFFR), Rajasthan

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World Quantum Day on April 14

World Quantum Day, celebrated on April 14th, aims to raise awareness about the rapidly advancing field of quantum science and its potential impact on various aspects of society.

World Quantum Day commemorates the birth anniversary of German physicist Max Planck, a pioneer in quantum theory, who laid the groundwork for understanding the quantum nature of light and energy.

  • Quantum mechanics is the science that unravels the behavior of atoms and particles—the fundamental building blocks of our universe.
  • Semiconductor Chips: The chips powering our smartphones and computers operate using quantum principles.
  • LASERS, LED Lights, and Monitors: These innovations stem from our understanding of quantum mechanics.
  • GPS Accuracy: Ultra-precise atomic clocks based on quantum mechanics underpin the Global Positioning System (GPS).
  • Medical Imaging: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanners rely on quantum principles.

Future technologies, including quantum computersquantum sensors, and quantum communication devices, hold the promise of transformative applications.

Q: Who is commemorated on World Quantum Day?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Max Planck
c) Niels Bohr
d) Werner Heisenberg

Ans : b) Max Planck

Q: What role does Max Planck play in the development of quantum theory?

a) He discovered the electron
b) He formulated the theory of general relativity
c) He introduced the concept of quantized energy
d) He invented the first quantum computer

Ans : c) He introduced the concept of quantized energy

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Ambedkar Jayanti: April 14th

Ambedkar Jayanti: Also known as Bhim Jayanti, it is an annual celebration held on April 14th to honor the birth anniversary of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar.

key points about Ambedkar Jayanti:

  1. Birth Anniversary of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar:
    • Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891.
    • His contributions spanned various fields, including law, economics, and social justice.
  2. Equality Day:
    • In India, Dr. Ambedkar’s birthday is also referred to as “Equality Day” by some.
    • This highlights his tireless efforts to fight for the rights of marginalized communities, including untouchables (Dalits), women, and laborers.
  3. Ambedkar’s Legacy:
    • Dr. Ambedkar was the chief architect of the Indian Constitution.
    • He championed social justice, equality, and the eradication of caste-based discrimination.
    • His work laid the foundation for a democratic and inclusive India.

Q: What was the birth date of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?

A) April 14, 1891
B) May 15, 1920
C) March 10, 1918
D) June 5, 1921

Answer: A) April 14, 1891

Q: What significant role did Dr. B. R. Ambedkar play in Indian history?

A) Architect of the Indian Constitution
B) Prime Minister of India
C) Leader of the Quit India Movement
D) Founder of the Indian National Congress

Answer: A) Architect of the Indian Constitution

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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre : 13 April 1919

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also known as the Amritsar Massacre, was a tragic incident in Indian history. On 13 April 1919, General Dyer, a British officer, ordered his troops to open fire on an unarmed crowd gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab. The crowd had assembled to peacefully protest against the oppressive Rowlatt Act, which allowed for the arrest and detention of Indians without trial.

key details:

  • Date: April 13, 1919
  • Location: Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, India
  • Casualties:
    • At least 379 people lost their lives.
    • Over 1,500 were injured.
  • Context:
    • The crowd was trapped within the enclosed walls of Jallianwala Bagh, making escape impossible.
    • General Dyer’s troops fired indiscriminately, even targeting women, children, and elderly individuals.
  • Impact:
    • The massacre had a profound impact on India’s struggle for independence.
    • It permanently strained relations between India and Britain.
    • Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in response to this brutal incident.


Certainly! Here are some multiple-choice questions (MCQs) related to the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre:

MCQs on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

  1. What was the date of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?
    • A) April 13, 1919
    • B) May 15, 1920
    • C) March 10, 1918
    • D) June 5, 1921
    Answer: A) April 13, 1919
  2. Where did the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre take place?
    • A) Delhi
    • B) Lahore
    • C) Amritsar
    • D) Kolkata
    Answer: C) Amritsar
  3. Who was the British officer responsible for ordering the firing on the unarmed crowd at Jallianwala Bagh?
    • A) General Montgomery
    • B) General Dyer
    • C) Colonel Smith
    • D) Major Brown
    Answer: B) General Dyer

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India-Uzbekistan Joint Military Exercise ‘DUSTLIK’ from 15 to 28 April 2024 in Termez District, Uzbekistan.

The fifth edition of the ‘Dustlik’ Joint Military Exercise between India and Uzbekistan will be from 15 April to 28 April 2024 in Termez District, Uzbekistan.

  • The exercise aims to enhance collaboration and future military interactions between the Indian Armed Forces and the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan.
  • The previous edition of the exercise was held in February 2023 at the Foreign Training Node, Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand, focusing on sharing best practices in subconventional operations under UN mandates.
  • Each side had forty-five soldiers participating, fostering positive relations between the armies of both nations.
  • The Indian Army contingent included troops from an infantry battalion from the Garhwal Rifles Regiment.
  • The first edition of the exercise took place in Uzbekistan in November 2019.

Q: The fifth edition of which Joint Military Exercise held between India and Uzbekistan from 15 April to 28 April 2024 in Termez District, Uzbekistan?

a) Dustlik Joint Military Exercise
b) Surya Kiran Joint Military Exercise
c) Varuna Joint Military Exercise
d) Malabar Joint Military Exercise

Correct answer: a) Dustlik Joint Military Exercise

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Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT)

Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) are the backbone of India’s electoral process conducted by Election Commission of India (ECI).

History, design, and significance of EVMs

  1. Introduction and Evolution:
    • EVMs were introduced as an alternative to paper ballots. The ballot papers were prone to fraudulent voting and booth capturing.
    • Developed and tested by the state-owned Electronics Corporation of India (ECIL) and Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) in the 1990s.
    • EVMs were gradually phased into Indian elections between 1998 and 2001.
  2. Design and Technology:
    • EVMs are standalone machines with secure manufacturing practices.
    • They are self-contained, battery-powered, and lack any networking capability.
    • EVMs do not have wireless or wired internet components, ensuring tamper-proof operation.
    • The M3 version includes the Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) system.
  3. Functionality and Security Features:
    • EVMs electronically limit the rate of casting votes to five per minute.
    • A security “lock-close” feature ensures integrity.
    • An electronic database stores “voting signatures and thumb impressions” to confirm voter identity.
  4. Advantages:
    • Reduced electoral fraud voting and booth capturing.
    • Fairer and more competitive elections.
  5. Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT):
    • VVPAT was introduced after court rulings, to provides transparency.
    • It allows voters to verify their vote through a printed paper trail.
    • EVMs and VVPATs are now used in every assembly and general election in India.
  6. Recent Developments:
    • In 2019, the Supreme Court ordered the use of VVPAT in every assembly constituency, verifying a small percentage of EVMs before certifying final results.

Q: What does VVPAT stand for in the context of EVMs?

A) Verified Voter Paper Authentication Technology
B) Voter-Verified Polling Accuracy Tracker
C) Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail
D) Verified Voting Process and Accountability Tool

Ans : C) Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail

Q: Which organization developed and tested EVMs in India during the 1990s?

A) Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL)
B) Electronics Corporation of India(ECIL) and Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL)
C) Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and Electronics Corporation of India(ECIL)
D) Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

Ans : B) Electronics Corporation of India(ECIL) and Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL)

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Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) emerged as Highest-Ranked Indian University in World

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), located in New Delhi, India, has recently emerged as the highest-ranked Indian university in the World University Rankings list.

Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), London-based higher education analytics firm released World University Rankings recently :

JNU has secured the 20th position globally in the field of development studies

JNU emerged as the country’s top-ranked university in the subjects of Geography, History, Modern Languages, Politics & International Relations, Anthropology, English Language & Literature, and Linguistics.

Q: What position did JNU secure globally in the field of development studies according to the QS World University Rankings?

a) 10th
b) 20th
c) 30th
d) 40th

Ans : b) 20th

Q: In which subjects did JNU emerge as the top-ranked university in India?

a) Physics, Chemistry, Biology
b) Economics, Mathematics, Computer Science
c) Geography, History, Modern Languages
d) Engineering, Medicine, Law

Ans : c) Geography, History, Modern Languages

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Eid-ul-Fitr celebrated on April 11, 2024

Eid-ul-Fitr is a significant festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide, marking the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. In 2024, Eid-ul-Fitr celebrated on April 11 in India.

  1. Ramadan involves fasting from dawn to dusk, and Eid-ul-Fitr signifies the culmination of this month-long spiritual practice.
  2. Celebrations include breaking the fast joyfully, performing special prayers, expressing gratitude to Allah, seeking forgiveness, and gathering with family.

Q: When does Eid-ul-Fitr occur?

A) At the beginning of Ramadan
B) In the third week of Ramadan
C) At the end of Ramadan
D) Last Friday of Ramadan

Ans : C) At the end of Ramadan

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Simon Harris became Ireland’s youngest ever prime minister

Simon Harris became Ireland’s youngest prime minister on April 9, 2024.

  1. Harris, aged 37, previously served as health and higher education minister.
  2. His election as leader of Fine Gael last month made him the successor to Leo Varadkar as the country’s 16th prime minister.
  3. Harris has significant political experience, having been elected to parliament at 24 and appointed to cabinet before turning 30.

Q: Who became Ireland’s youngest prime minister on April 9, 2024?

a) Leo Varadkar
b) Simon Harris
c) Micheal Martin
d) Michael McGrath

Ans : b) Simon Harris

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