National Current Affairs

National Current Affairs of India, Important for competitive Exams.

DRDO and Indian Army conduct successful trials Man Portable Anti-tank Guided Missile Weapon System (MPATGM)

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully conducted trials of the of indigenous Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) Weapon System at the Pokhran Field Firing Range (PFFR), Rajasthan on April 13, 2024. These trials included assessing the missile’s performance, warhead capability, and the overall effectiveness of the system.

  • The MPATGM system, which includes the missile itself, the Man Portable Launcher, the Target Acquisition System (TAS), and the Fire Control Unit (FCU), was developed indigenously by DRDO.
  • The trials demonstrated the system’s capability to meet the requirements outlined in the General Staff Qualitative Requirements (GSQR) of the Indian Army. Additionally, the penetration trials of the Tandem Warhead System were successful, confirming its ability to defeat modern armor-protected Main Battle Tanks (MBTs).
  • The MPATGM system features day/night and top attack capabilities, along with a dual-mode seeker functionality, enhancing its effectiveness in tank warfare.

The successful development and demonstrations mark the readiness of the system for final user evaluation trials, paving the way for its induction into the Indian Army.

Q: Where were the trials of the indigenous Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) Weapon System conducted?

a) Chandipur Integrated Test Range (ITR)
b) ISRO, Bengaluru
c) Pokhran Field Firing Range (PFFR), Rajasthan
d) DRDO Hyderabad

Ans: c) Pokhran Field Firing Range (PFFR), Rajasthan

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India-Uzbekistan Joint Military Exercise ‘DUSTLIK’ from 15 to 28 April 2024 in Termez District, Uzbekistan.

The fifth edition of the ‘Dustlik’ Joint Military Exercise between India and Uzbekistan will be from 15 April to 28 April 2024 in Termez District, Uzbekistan.

  • The exercise aims to enhance collaboration and future military interactions between the Indian Armed Forces and the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan.
  • The previous edition of the exercise was held in February 2023 at the Foreign Training Node, Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand, focusing on sharing best practices in subconventional operations under UN mandates.
  • Each side had forty-five soldiers participating, fostering positive relations between the armies of both nations.
  • The Indian Army contingent included troops from an infantry battalion from the Garhwal Rifles Regiment.
  • The first edition of the exercise took place in Uzbekistan in November 2019.

Q: The fifth edition of which Joint Military Exercise held between India and Uzbekistan from 15 April to 28 April 2024 in Termez District, Uzbekistan?

a) Dustlik Joint Military Exercise
b) Surya Kiran Joint Military Exercise
c) Varuna Joint Military Exercise
d) Malabar Joint Military Exercise

Correct answer: a) Dustlik Joint Military Exercise

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Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) emerged as Highest-Ranked Indian University in World

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), located in New Delhi, India, has recently emerged as the highest-ranked Indian university in the World University Rankings list.

Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), London-based higher education analytics firm released World University Rankings recently :

JNU has secured the 20th position globally in the field of development studies

JNU emerged as the country’s top-ranked university in the subjects of Geography, History, Modern Languages, Politics & International Relations, Anthropology, English Language & Literature, and Linguistics.

Q: What position did JNU secure globally in the field of development studies according to the QS World University Rankings?

a) 10th
b) 20th
c) 30th
d) 40th

Ans : b) 20th

Q: In which subjects did JNU emerge as the top-ranked university in India?

a) Physics, Chemistry, Biology
b) Economics, Mathematics, Computer Science
c) Geography, History, Modern Languages
d) Engineering, Medicine, Law

Ans : c) Geography, History, Modern Languages

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Tri-Service Conference  ‘Parivartan Chintan’ held in New Delhi on April 8, 2024

Parivartan Chintan: A Tri-Service Conference held in New Delhi on April 8, 2024, aimed at fostering new ideas, initiatives, and reforms for Jointness and Integration efforts.

Chaired by Chief of Defence Staff, General Anil Chauhan, the conference brought together heads of all Tri-Services Institutions, the Department of Military Affairs, Headquarters Integrated Defence Staff, and the three Services.

Discussions involved officers from diverse service backgrounds, contributing their understanding and experience to recommend measures for achieving the desired “Joint and Integrated” end state swiftly.

The Indian Armed Forces are undergoing transformative changes to prepare for future wars, with initiatives promoting Jointness and Integration amid modifications in structures to facilitate Tri-Service multi-domain operations.

Q: What was the main objective of the Parivartan Chintan Tri-Service Conference held on April 8, 2024?

a) Review ongoing military operations
b) Generate new ideas and reforms for Jointness and Integration efforts
c) Discuss budget allocations for the armed forces
d) Address internal conflicts within the military

Ans : b) Generate new ideas and reforms for Jointness and Integration efforts

Q: Who is the Chief of Defence Staff of India?

a) General Bipin Rawat
b) Admiral Karambir Singh
c) Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria
d) General Anil Chauhan

Ans : d) General Anil Chauhan

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Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and DRDO conducted successful test flight of the next-generation ballistic missile, Agni-Prime

  1. Successful test flight of the next-generation ballistic missile Agni-Prime conducted by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) on April 3, 2024, from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha.
  2. Test met all trial objectives, confirming reliable performance, with data captured by various range sensors including Downrange ships.
  3. Launch took place in the presence of high-ranking officials including Chief of Defence Staff, Chief of Strategic Forces Command, and senior officials from DRDO and the Indian Army.
  4. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh congratulated DRDO, SFC, and Armed Forces, highlighting the missile’s potential as a force multiplier.
  5. Previous successful test of Agni Prime occurred in June the previous year, also from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island.

Q: Where was the test flight of Agni-Prime conducted by SFC and DRDO in April 2024?

a) Pokharan, Rajsthan
b) ISRO SHAR Center
c) Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island
d) Chandipur Test Range

Ans : c) Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island

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Air Force largest exercise, ‘Gagan Shakti,’ at the Pokhran Field Firing Range in Jaisalmer from 1 to 10 April 2024

The Indian Air Force is conducting its largest exercise, ‘Gagan Shakti,’ at the Pokhran Field Firing Range in Jaisalmer district from April 1, 2024, to April 10, 2024.

  1. Major fighter aircraft and modern helicopters of the Air Force are showcasing their striking capabilities during the exercise.
  2. The Indian Army is providing logistics support for the exercise, facilitating the movement of approximately 10,000 IAF personnel and ammunition across India.
  3. The exercise aims to validate the Operational Rail Mobilisation Plan aspects of the Indian Air Force.
  4. ‘Gagan Shakti’ is being conducted at various locations nationwide, including the Pokhran Field Firing Range in Jaisalmer.
  5. Fighter planes and helicopters such as Tejas, Rafale, Sukhoi 30, Jaguar, Globemaster, Chinook, Apache, and Prachanda are participating in the exercise.
  6. The previous ‘Gagan Shakti’ exercise was held in 2018, during which the IAF completed over 11,000 sorties across two phases of air maneuvers.

Q: What is the name of the Indian Air Force’s largest exercise conducted at the Pokhran Field Firing Range in Jaisalmer district?

a) Operation Skybolt
b) Exercise Thunderbolt
c) Exercise Gagan Shakti
d) Operation Desert Storm

Ans : c) Exercise Gagan Shakti

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India rejects China’s renaming of places in Arunachal Pradesh

India firmly rejects China’s persistent attempts at renaming places in Arunachal Pradesh. The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) asserts on 2nd April 2024, that the northeastern state will always be an integral and inalienable part of India. Despite China’s senseless efforts to assign invented names, the reality remains unchanged: Arunachal Pradesh is, has been, and will continue to be an integral part of our nation.

Recently, the Chinese Ministry of Civil Affairs released a fourth list of standardized geographical names in Zangnan, which is the Chinese name for Arunachal Pradesh. However, India stands firm in rejecting these attempts, emphasizing that no renaming will alter the state’s status within our borders.

This latest development comes in the wake of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh, where he inaugurated the Sela Tunnel at an altitude of 13,000 feet. Despite China’s claims, India consistently upholds its sovereignty over the region, dismissing China’s assertions as ludicrous.

Q: What is the Chinese name for Arunachal Pradesh?

a) Zangnan
b) Xizang
c) Beijing
d) Shanghai

Ans : a) Zangnan

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Katchatheevu Island row : Know the details

The Katchatheevu Island row has resurfaced, sparking controversy and debate.

  1. Background:
    • Katchatheevu Island is a disputed area situated in the Palk Strait, between India and Sri Lanka.
    • In 1974, the Indira Gandhi-led Congress government ceded Katchatheevu Island to Sri Lanka through an agreement.
    • The island covers 1.9 square kilometers and lies approximately 20 kilometers from the Indian shore.
    • It is located in the middle of the ocean, equidistant from both countries, and is about 33 kilometers away from the Indian coast.
    • The island hosts a single structure: a church named St. Anthony, built by the British in the 20th century. Pastors from both India and Sri Lanka oversee its administration.
  2. Historical Context:
    • Katchatheevu Island emerged from a volcanic eruption in the 14th century.
    • It was initially occupied by the Jaffna Kingdom of Sri Lanka during the medieval period.
    • Later, control shifted to the Ramnad Zamindari in the 17th century.
    • Due to its abundant fish resources, both India and Sri Lanka claimed the island to regulate fishing activities in 1921.
    • A survey declared Katchatheevu as part of Sri Lanka, but India continued to assert its ownership.
  3. The Controversial Agreement:
    • In 1974, under the Indo-Sri Lankan Maritime Agreement, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi accepted Katchatheevu as Sri Lankan territory.
    • The move aimed to strengthen India’s relations with Sri Lanka.
    • However, this decision has remained contentious, with recent political discussions reigniting the debate.
    • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has criticized the Congress for giving away Katchatheevu to Sri Lanka.
    • The DMK government in Tamil Nadu consistently urges for the island’s return to India.

What is the name of disputed Island situated in the Palk Strait, between India and Sri Lanka?

A) Andaman Islands
B) Katchatheevu Island
C) Lakshadweep
D) Maldives

Answer: B) Katchatheevu Island

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President Droupadi Murmu presented the Bharat Ratna Awards at Rashtrapati Bhavan

On March 30, 2024, President Droupadi Murmu presented the Bharat Ratna Awards at Rashtrapati Bhavan. Former Prime Ministers Chaudhary Charan Singh and P V Narasimha Rao, Former Bihar Chief Minister Karpoori Thakur, and Eminent Scientist M. S. Swaminathan were given Bharat Ratna posthumously. Former Deputy Prime Minister and Veteran BJP leader L K Advani was also given the top civilian award of the country.

Q: Which former Prime Ministers were awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously on March 30, 2024?

a) Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi
b) Rajiv Gandhi and Atal Bihari Vajpayee
c) Chaudhary Charan Singh and P V Narasimha Rao
d) Morarji Desai and V P Singh

Ans : c) Chaudhary Charan Singh and P V Narasimha Rao

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Indigenous fighter aircraft LCA Tejas Mk1A completes first flight from HAL facility in Bengaluru

On March 28, 2024, the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas Mk1A had its maiden flight from the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) facility in Bengaluru.

  1. The first aircraft in the Tejas Mk1A series, with registration number LA5033, completed the flight, piloted by Chief Test Pilot Group Captain K K Venugopal (Retired), lasting 18 minutes.
  2. This achievement marks a significant milestone for India’s indigenous aerospace and defense industry, showcasing the capability of concurrent design and development despite global supply chain challenges.
  3. The contract for Tejas Mk1A was signed in February 2021, demonstrating India’s commitment to advanced indigenous fighter aircraft.
  4. Tejas Mk1A features advanced electronic radar, enhanced combat capabilities, improved maintenance features, and robust communication systems.
  5. The Indian Air Force (IAF) can expect early induction of Tejas Mk1A, with production lines established at HAL to meet demand.
  6. HAL’s collaboration with CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories (CSIR-NAL) through a Transfer of Technology (ToT) agreement aims to manufacture the BMI Engine Bay Door for Tejas Mk1A.
  7. Tejas Mk1A is described as an indigenous 4.5-generation, all-weather, and multi-role fighter aircraft, poised to strengthen India’s defense capabilities.

Q: What is the significance of the Tejas Mk1A’s recent maiden flight?

A) It marked the first flight of an indigenous fighter aircraft.
B) It achieved a world record for altitude.
C) It demonstrated the feasibility of supersonic travel.
D) It showcased a new stealth technology.

Answer: A) It marked the first flight of an indigenous fighter aircraft.

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