Miscellaneous Current Affairs

Hajj, one of the largest religious gatherings in the world, began in Saudi Arabia

The annual Hajj pilgrimage, one of the largest religious gatherings in the world, officially began in Saudi Arabia on Friday (14 June 2024). Two million Muslim pilgrims embarked on their spiritual journey. After circling the Kaaba, Islam’s holiest site, and converging on a vast tent camp in the nearby desert, the pilgrims engage in a day and night of prayer. 

Nearly 1.75 lakh pilgrims from India are participating in the Haj rituals. Out of the Indian pilgrims, 1,40,020 have traveled through the Haj Committee, and about 35,000 through private operators. Over 5,000 Indian women are participating in the pilgrimage without a Mehram (male guardian).

Q.: Where does the Hajj, an annual Muslim pilgrimage take place?

A) Jerusalem
B) Mecca
C) Medina
D) Cairo

Correct Answer: B

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Around 40 Indians died, 50 Injured in a fire at a labour housing facility in Kuwait

Around 40 Indians died and over 50 were injured in a fire at a labour housing facility in Mangaf, Kuwait on June 12, 2024.

The Indian Embassy in Kuwait is working with Kuwaiti authorities and the involved company to gather full details. Injured individuals are receiving medical care in five government hospitals, with most in stable condition.

External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar discussed the incident with his Kuwaiti counterpart Abdullah Ali Al-Yahya. Dr. Jaishankar was assured that the incident will be fully investigated and responsibilities will be assigned.

Q: Around 40 Indians died, and 50 were injured in a fire at a labour housing facility in which country on June 12, 2024?

A) United Arab Emirates
B) Saudi Arabia
C) Kuwait
D) Qatar

Ans : C) Kuwait

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Indian mountaineer Satyadeep Gupta became the first person to scale Mt. Everest and Mt. Lhotse twice in one season

Indian mountaineer Satyadeep Gupta became the first person to scale Mt. Everest and Mt. Lhotse twice in one season. Gupta set a record by being the first Indian to traverse from Mt. Everest to Mt. Lhotse in 11 hours and 15 minutes.

  • He conquered the 8,516-meter-high Mt. Lhotse at noon and then ascended the 8,849-meter-high Mt. Everest at 12:45 am, midnight.
  • This achievement is the first Double Dual Ascent of Mt. Everest and Mt. Lhotse in a single season.
  • Gupta was accompanied by climbing guides Pastemba Sherpa and Nima Ungdi Sherpa.
  • He previously summited Mt. Everest on May 21 and Mt. Lhotse on May 22.

Q: What historic feat did Indian mountaineer Satyadeep Gupta achieve?

A. First person to scale Mt. Everest three times in one season
B. First person to scale Mt. Everest and Mt. Lhotse twice in one season
C. First person to scale Mt. Everest and Mt. K2 in one season
D. First Indian to scale Mt. Everest in 11 hours and 15 minutes

Ans : B. First person to scale Mt. Everest and Mt. Lhotse twice in one season

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Major Radhika Sen, awarded the UN Military Gender Advocate of the Year for 2023

Major Radhika Sen, an Indian peacekeeper, awarded the UN Military Gender Advocate of the Year for 2023 for her service in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). She is recognized for empowering local communities, especially women and girls, during her deployment from March 2023 to April 2024.

  • Major Sen, born in 1993 in Himachal Pradesh, joined the army after graduating as a biotech engineer and pursuing a Master’s degree from IIT Bombay.
  • India is the eleventh largest contributor of women peacekeepers to the UN, with 124 currently deployed. Major Sen is the second Indian to receive the award after Major Suman Gawani in 2019.

Q: Who was named the United Nations Military Gender Advocate of the Year for 2023?

A. Major Suman Gawani
B. Major Radhika Sen
C. Major Antonio Guterres
D. Major Ruchira Kamboj

Ans : B. Major Radhika Sen

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Purnima Shrestha become first woman to climb Mount Everest three times in 13 days

Purnima Shrestha, a 32-year-old mountaineer from Gorkha, Nepal, and a photojournalist become first woman to climb Mount Everest three times in the same season.

  • Achieved the triple ascent in just 13 days.
  • Surpassed the previous record of any woman summiteer for climbing Everest thrice in a single season.
  • Has climbed Everest four times, with her first summit in 2018.
  • Her achievement symbolizes the empowerment of female climbers and serves as an inspiration for women to pursue their dreams.

Q: Who became the first woman to climb Mount Everest three times in the same season?

a) Junko Tabei
b) Purnima Shrestha
c) Pasang Lhamu Sherpa
d) Lhakpa Sherpa

Ans : b) Purnima Shrestha

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Arti, Pink E-Rickshaw driver from Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh, won the Amal Clooney Women’s Empowerment Award 2024

Arti, an 18-year-old Pink E-Rickshaw driver from Uttar Pradesh from Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh, won the Amal Clooney Women’s Empowerment Award on 22 May 2024.

  • The award was presented at the Prince’s Trust Awards in London, where Arti met King Charles III at Buckingham Palace.
  • Arti’s work centers on the Pink E-rickshaw initiative in India, offering safe, eco-friendly transportation for women with battery-powered rickshaws that reduce pollution.
  • The award honors young women who have overcome adversity and made a significant impact on their community.
  • Arti’s work in a male-dominated field has improved women’s safety in her community, and she aims to secure a better future for her daughter.
  • Arti traveled to the Buckingham Palace reception in a pink rickshaw, symbolizing sustainable transport.
  • The Prince’s Trust International, founded by King Charles, supports young people in 20 countries.
  • Project Lehar, in collaboration with the Prince’s Trust International and the Aga Khan Foundation, introduced Arti to the Pink E-Rickshaw scheme.
  • Arti’s journey from a small village to Buckingham Palace highlights determination, innovation, and community impact.

Q: What prestigious award did Arti, Pink E-Rickshaw driver from Uttar Pradesh win on 22 May 2024?

A) Nobel Peace Prize
B) Amal Clooney Women’s Empowerment Award
C) International Women of Courage Award
D) Global Humanitarian Award

Ans : B) Amal Clooney Women’s Empowerment Award

Arti, Pink E-Rickshaw driver from Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh, won the Amal Clooney Women’s Empowerment Award 2024 Read More »

India’s rank on Travel & Tourism Development Index improved to 39th place, the highest in South Asia

The Travel & Tourism Development Index 2024 (TTDI) is published by the World Economic Forum on May 21, 2024. India’s rank on the TTDI 2024 has improved to 39th place, the highest in South Asia and among lower-middle-income economies.

Key rankings for India:

  • Price Competitiveness: 18th
  • Air Transport Infrastructure: 26th
  • Ground and Port Infrastructure: 25th
  • Natural Resources: 6th
  • Cultural Resources: 9th
  • Non-Leisure Resources: 9th

Sustainability: India scores well for travel and tourism demand sustainability despite a decline compared to 2019.

Overall TTDI Score: India’s score is 2.1% below its 2019 level due to global inflationary supply-side trends, with declines in price competitiveness and air transport and tourist services infrastructure.

Reference : Travel & Tourism Development Index 2024

Q: What is India’s rank on the World Economic Forum’s Travel & Tourism Development Index 2024, published by World Economic Forum (WEF)?

a) 29th
b) 39th
c) 49th
d) 59th

Ans : b) 39th

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Kareena Kapoor Khan appointed as National Ambassador for UNICEF India

Kareena Kapoor Khan appointed as National Ambassador for UNICEF India in May 2024. She will support UNICEF India’s mission focusing on children’s rights, including early childhood development, health, education, and gender equality.

  • Kareena Kapoor Khan has been associated with UNICEF India since 2014 as a Celebrity Advocate, advocating for girls’ education, gender equality, foundational learning, immunization, and breastfeeding.
  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, she emphasized the importance of children’s learning and safe return to school.
  • She has participated in UNICEF’s global campaigns on #EveryChildRights.

Question : Who was appointed as the National Ambassador for UNICEF India in May 2024?

a) Priyanka Chopra
b) Kareena Kapoor Khan
c) Deepika Padukone
d) Aishwarya Rai Bachchan

Answer: b) Kareena Kapoor Khan

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Mukesh Ambani: Asia’s Wealthiest and Elon Musk: World’s Richest Person

The Hurun Global Rich List 2024, released on 26 March 2024 reported 167 new billionaires worldwide, totaling 3,279 individuals.

  1. Mukesh Ambani, Chairman of Reliance Industries, retained his position as Asia’s richest person, with a net worth of USD 115 billion, despite slipping one place to 10th globally.
  2. Gautam Adani, founder of the Adani Group, experienced a remarkable surge in wealth, reaching USD 86 billion and securing the 15th spot globally, attributed to a rally in his companies’ shares.
  3. The United States added 109 billionaires, maintaining its lead with 800 billionaires, while China retained its position as the world leader with 814 billionaires, despite a decline in numbers.
  4. Elon Musk reclaimed his title as the world’s richest person with a net worth of USD 231 billion, followed by Jeff Bezos and Bernard Arnault.
  5. India saw a significant rise in its billionaire population, ranking third globally with 271 billionaires, marking an addition of 84 individuals, and Mumbai surpassed Beijing as Asia’s billionaire capital for the first time.

Q: Who reclaimed the title of the world’s richest person according to the Hurun Global Rich List 2024?

a) Bernard Arnault
b) Jeff Bezos
c) Elon Musk
d) Mukesh Ambani

Ans : c) Elon Musk

Q: Who retained the title of Asia’s richest person according to the Hurun Global Rich List 2024?

a) Elon Musk
b) Jeff Bezos
c) Mukesh Ambani
d) Gautam Adani

Ans : c) Mukesh Ambani

Q: Which city surpassed Beijing to become Asia’s billionaire capital for the first time, according to the information provided?

a) Shanghai
b) Mumbai
c) Tokyo
d) Seou

Ans : b) Mumbai

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Dubai to have world’s first air taxi, agreements signed at World Government Summit 2024

Dubai has signed agreements at the World Government Summit 2024 to launch the world’s first air taxi service. Agreements pave the way for the deployment of a city-wide electric aerial taxi service and vertiport network in Dubai.

  1. Joby Aviation S4 Aircraft:
    • The initiative centers around the Joby Aviation S4, an innovative aircraft designed for four passengers and a pilot.
    • The S4 features six propellers and is powered by four battery packs.
    • It has a maximum range of 161 km and a top speed of 321 km per hour.
  2. Urban-Friendly Features:
    • Vertical take-off and landing capabilities make the S4 ideal for urban settings, minimizing space requirements and reducing noise pollution compared to helicopters.
  3. Benefits of the Air Taxi Project:
    • Promises reduced noise levels, zero operating emissions, and enhanced passenger convenience.
    • Aims for efficiency, safety, and sustainability in urban transportation.
  4. Integration into Urban Landscape:
    • Aerial vehicles aim to seamlessly integrate into Dubai’s urban landscape, providing swift and eco-friendly transportation solutions.
  5. Electric-Powered and Rechargeable:
    • The electric-powered aircraft can be swiftly recharged between flights, contributing to sustainability goals.
  6. Operational Commencement:
    • The air-taxi network is set to commence operations in 2026, marking a significant milestone in Dubai’s efforts to redefine urban mobility.

Q: What city is launching the world’s first air taxi service?

A) Singapore
B) Dubai
C) Tokyo
D) New York

Ans : B) Dubai

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