Government Schemes Current Affairs

Government Schemes and latest Development, Important for Competitive Exams. 

PM Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana

  1. Launch of PM Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana: Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the launch of the scheme on February 13, 2024.
  2. Investment of over 75 thousand crore rupees: The project will have an investment exceeding 75 thousand crore rupees.
  3. Objective: The scheme aims to provide free electricity by lighting up one crore households, offering up to 300 units of free electricity every month.
  4. Direct Subsidies to People’s Bank Accounts: Substantive subsidies will be directly deposited into the bank accounts of beneficiaries.
  5. Concessional Bank Loans: Heavily concessional bank loans will be provided to ensure no cost burden on the people.
  6. National Online Portal Integration: All stakeholders will be integrated into a National Online Portal for added convenience.
  7. Incentives for Urban Local Bodies and Panchayats: Urban Local Bodies and Panchayats will be incentivized to promote rooftop solar systems in their jurisdictions.
  8. Benefits for Citizens: The scheme is expected to lead to increased income, reduced power bills, and employment generation.
  9. Promotion of Solar Power and Sustainable Progress: The Prime Minister emphasized the importance of boosting solar power for sustainable progress.
  10. PM – Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana : apply at pmsuryaghar.gov.in.

Q: What is the objective of the PM Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana?

  • A. Provide free water supply
  • B. Promote rooftop gardening
  • C. Light up one crore households with free electricity
  • D. Enhance public transportation

Ans : C. Light up one crore households with free electricity

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Government launched ‘Bharat Rice’ at subsidised rates for consumers

Union Minister Piyush Goyal launched ‘Bharat Rice’ brand in New Delhi to provide subsidized rice directly to consumers.

  • The rice will be available in 5 kg and 10 kg packs at a subsidized rate of 29 rupees per kg.
  • The government is committed to providing ration at affordable prices, with 81 crore people benefiting from free food grains under PMGKAY, extended for the next five years.
  • Vehicles carrying rice were flagged during the event, signifying distribution to consumers through various agencies.
  • FCI will provide 5 Lakh Metric Tonnes of rice to cooperatives (NAFED and NCCF) and Kendriya Bhandar in the first phase.
  • These agencies will pack rice in 5 kg and 10 kg packets under the “Bharat Rice” brand, sold through outlets and e-commerce platforms.

Q: What is the name of the brand launched by government to provide subsidized rice directly to consumers in February 2024?

a) Bharat Grains
b) Bharat Rice
c) Bharat Essentials
d) Bharat Food

Ans : b) Bharat Rice

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PM Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan : First installment to one lakh beneficiaries release

Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the first installment to one lakh beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin on January 15, 2024, under the Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM-JANMAN).

  • The PM-JANMAN initiative was launched in November of the previous year for the socio-economic welfare of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
  • The initiative, with a budget of around 24,000 crore rupees, focuses on 11 critical interventions through nine Ministries.
  • PM-JANMAN aims to improve the socio-economic conditions of PVTGs by providing basic facilities such as safe housing, clean drinking water, improved access to education, health and nutrition, electricity, road and telecom connectivity, and sustainable livelihood opportunities.

Q: Who are the beneficiaries of the Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM-JANMAN)?

  • A) Urban population
  • B) Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)
  • C) General category citizens
  • D) Women entrepreneurs

Ans : B) Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

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Govt launched PRERANA, an experiential learning programme for developing leadership qualities in students

Ministry of Education, Govt of India has introduced PRERANA, an experiential learning program focused on cultivating leadership qualities in students.

  1. PRERANA is aligned with the principles of the Indian education system and the philosophy of value-based education, as outlined in the National Education Policy 2020.
  2. It is a week-long residential program designed for students in classes 9th to 12th, aiming to provide an immersive learning experience.
  3. Each week, a batch of 20 selected students (10 boys and 10 girls) from different parts of the country will participate in the program.
  4. The program takes place at a Vernacular School established in 1888 in Vadnagar, Gujarat.
  5. The curriculum for PRERANA School was developed by IIT Gandhi Nagar and revolves around nine value-based themes.
  6. These themes include Swabhiman and Vinay, Shaurya and Sahas, Parishram and Samarpan, Karuna and Sewa, Vividhta and Ekta, Satyanishtha and Shuchita, Navachar and Jigyasa, Shraddha aur Vishwas, and Swatantrata and Kartavya.
  7. The primary goal of the program is to inspire youth, instill respect for India’s unity in diversity, and embody the spirit of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (the world is one family).
  1. What is PRERANA, recently launched by the Government?
    a. A new sports activity program
    b. An experiential learning program
    c. A scholarship initiative
    d. A government employment scheme
  2. What is the main focus of PRERANA?
    a. Academic research
    b. Developing leadership qualities in students
    c. Sports training for students
    d. Providing financial aid to students

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Viksit Bharat@2047 – Voice of Youth : Launched by PM Modi

PM Modi launched ‘Viksit Bharat@2047 – Voice of Youth’ and addressed Higher Education Institutes virtually on 11 December 2023.

  • Governor Gulab Chand Kataria hosted the program at IIT Guwahati, with physical attendance from 1000 students and officials from 61 Assam institutions.
  • Around 45 Higher Educational Institutions and 600 colleges participated virtually.
  • Governor emphasized collaborative efforts to achieve PM Modi’s development goal by 2047.
  • Increased budget allocation in education by both the Center and State governments highlighted for better quality education.
  • Dr. Ranoj Pegu, Minister for Education, emphasized the need to achieve the set development target by 2047.

Q: What initiative did Prime Minister Narendra Modi launch on December 11, 2023 for development of youth?

a. Viksit Bharat@2047 – Voice of Youth
b. National Education Policy 2020
c. Skill Development for Youth
d. Digital India Campaign

Ans : a. Viksit Bharat@2047 – Voice of Youth

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Central Sector Scheme for providing drones to the Women’s Self Help Groups(SHGs)

  1. Central Sector Scheme for Drones: The Union Cabinet has approved a Central Sector Scheme on 28 November 2023, that involves providing drones to Women’s Self Help Groups (SHGs).
  2. Beneficiaries and Purpose: The scheme will benefit 15,000 selected Women’s SHGs from 2023-24 to 2025-2026. These groups will offer drone rental services to farmers for various agricultural uses.
  3. Financial Outlay: The Central Sector Scheme for providing drones has been sanctioned with a budget of 1261 crore rupees.

Q: Who are the main beneficiaries of the Central Sector Scheme for Drones?
a. Urban youth
b. Men’s Self Help Groups
c. Women’s Self Help Groups
d. Agricultural cooperatives

Answer: c. Women’s Self Help Groups

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Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY) extended for an additional five years

Extension of PMGKAY: The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY) has been extended by the Government for an additional five years starting from January 1, 2024.

Free Food Grains: Under PMGKAY, eligible beneficiaries will receive five kilograms of free food grains per month. This initiative aims to benefit over 81 crore impoverished individuals across the country.

Q: What is the main objective of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY) extension?
a. Providing free medical services
b. Offering financial assistance to farmers
c. Supplying five kilograms of free food grains monthly to the eligible beneficiaries
d. Promoting women’s self-help groups

Ans : c. Supplying five kilograms of free food grains monthly to the eligible beneficiaries

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Government renames Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres as Ayushman Arogya Mandir

  • The central government, on November 26, 2023, renamed Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres to Ayushman Arogya Mandir.
  • The tagline accompanying the renaming is “Arogyam Paramam Dhanam.”
  • The Union Health Ministry issued guidelines to all States and Union Territories for the replacement of the existing title in operationalized Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres.
  • The Ministry requested the upload of pictures of primary health facilities after successfully completing the renaming task.

Q: What is the new name given to Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres by central government in the month of November 2023?

a) Arogya Seva Kendra
b) Ayushman Arogya Mandir
c) Health Wellness Hub
d) Swasthya Parivar Center

Ans : b) Ayushman Arogya Mandir

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PM Modi launched Pradhan Mantri Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) Development Mission

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) Development Mission, a scheme with a budget of 24,000 crore rupees.

  • The launch took place on November 15, 2023, during the third Janjaatiya Gaurav Diwas in the Khunti district of Jharkhand.
  • The PVTG Development Mission aims to benefit 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups in 18 states and Union Territories, residing in 22,544 villages across 220 districts, with a total population of approximately 28 lakhs.

Janjatiya Gaurav Divas is celebrated on 15 November to remember the contribution of tribal freedom fighters in Indian independence. November 15 is the birthday of the great tribal warrior Birsa Munda.

Q.: On which occasion did Prime Minister Narendra Modi launch the Pradhan Mantri Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) Development Mission?

a. Republic Day
b. Independence Day
c. Janjaatiya Gaurav Diwas
d. Gandhi Jayanti

Ans : c. Janjaatiya Gaurav Diwas

Q.: What is the significance of November 15 in relation to Janjatiya Gaurav Divas?

a. It marks the Independence Day
b. It is the birth anniversary of Birsa Munda
c. It is the anniversary of the B R Ambedkar
d. It is the International Day of Tribes

Ans : b. It is the birth anniversary of Birsa Munda

PM Modi launched Pradhan Mantri Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) Development Mission Read More »

Mera Yuva Bharat (MY Bharat) : Government approves establishment of an autonomous body

The government has approved the establishment of an autonomous body called “Mera Yuva Bharat” (MY Bharat) with the aim of youth development and youth-led development.

  1. MY Bharat is designed to provide equitable access to youth to help them achieve their aspirations and contribute to the development of the nation.
  2. There are approximately 40 crore (400 million) youths in India who fall within the age group of 15-29 years.
  3. MY Bharat is envisioned as a technology-powered, overarching enabling mechanism for youth development.
  4. The goal of MY Bharat is to channel the energy of the youth for nation-building by facilitating their role as “Yuva Setu” (Youth Bridge) between the government and citizens.
  5. The formal dedication of Mera Yuva Bharat to the nation will take place on October 31, which coincides with the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, often referred to as the “Iron Man” of India.

MCQs on Mera Yuva Bharat (MY Bharat)

Q.: What is the primary purpose of the autonomous body “Mera Yuva Bharat” (MY Bharat)?

a. Promoting sports and athletics among youth
b. Fostering cultural development in rural areas
c. Development of youth and youth-led development
d. Advancing environmental conservation initiatives

Ans : c. Development of youth and youth-led development

Q.: How many young individuals in India fall within the age group of 15-29 years, according to the provided information?

a. Approximately 20 crore
b. Around 30 crore
c. Approximately 40 crore
d. Nearly 50 crore

Ans : c. Approximately 40 crore

Q.: When is Mera Yuva Bharat scheduled to be dedicated to the nation?

a. On India’s Independence Day, August 15th
b. On New Year’s Day, January 1st
c. On the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, October 31st
d. On Youth Day, January 12th

Ans : c. On the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, October 31st

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