Important Days Current Affairs

Important National and International Day, Latest Update for Competitive Exams.

World Quantum Day on April 14

World Quantum Day, celebrated on April 14th, aims to raise awareness about the rapidly advancing field of quantum science and its potential impact on various aspects of society.

World Quantum Day commemorates the birth anniversary of German physicist Max Planck, a pioneer in quantum theory, who laid the groundwork for understanding the quantum nature of light and energy.

  • Quantum mechanics is the science that unravels the behavior of atoms and particles—the fundamental building blocks of our universe.
  • Semiconductor Chips: The chips powering our smartphones and computers operate using quantum principles.
  • LASERS, LED Lights, and Monitors: These innovations stem from our understanding of quantum mechanics.
  • GPS Accuracy: Ultra-precise atomic clocks based on quantum mechanics underpin the Global Positioning System (GPS).
  • Medical Imaging: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanners rely on quantum principles.

Future technologies, including quantum computersquantum sensors, and quantum communication devices, hold the promise of transformative applications.

Q: Who is commemorated on World Quantum Day?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Max Planck
c) Niels Bohr
d) Werner Heisenberg

Ans : b) Max Planck

Q: What role does Max Planck play in the development of quantum theory?

a) He discovered the electron
b) He formulated the theory of general relativity
c) He introduced the concept of quantized energy
d) He invented the first quantum computer

Ans : c) He introduced the concept of quantized energy

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Ambedkar Jayanti: April 14th

Ambedkar Jayanti: Also known as Bhim Jayanti, it is an annual celebration held on April 14th to honor the birth anniversary of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar.

key points about Ambedkar Jayanti:

  1. Birth Anniversary of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar:
    • Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891.
    • His contributions spanned various fields, including law, economics, and social justice.
  2. Equality Day:
    • In India, Dr. Ambedkar’s birthday is also referred to as “Equality Day” by some.
    • This highlights his tireless efforts to fight for the rights of marginalized communities, including untouchables (Dalits), women, and laborers.
  3. Ambedkar’s Legacy:
    • Dr. Ambedkar was the chief architect of the Indian Constitution.
    • He championed social justice, equality, and the eradication of caste-based discrimination.
    • His work laid the foundation for a democratic and inclusive India.

Q: What was the birth date of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?

A) April 14, 1891
B) May 15, 1920
C) March 10, 1918
D) June 5, 1921

Answer: A) April 14, 1891

Q: What significant role did Dr. B. R. Ambedkar play in Indian history?

A) Architect of the Indian Constitution
B) Prime Minister of India
C) Leader of the Quit India Movement
D) Founder of the Indian National Congress

Answer: A) Architect of the Indian Constitution

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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre : 13 April 1919

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also known as the Amritsar Massacre, was a tragic incident in Indian history. On 13 April 1919, General Dyer, a British officer, ordered his troops to open fire on an unarmed crowd gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab. The crowd had assembled to peacefully protest against the oppressive Rowlatt Act, which allowed for the arrest and detention of Indians without trial.

key details:

  • Date: April 13, 1919
  • Location: Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, India
  • Casualties:
    • At least 379 people lost their lives.
    • Over 1,500 were injured.
  • Context:
    • The crowd was trapped within the enclosed walls of Jallianwala Bagh, making escape impossible.
    • General Dyer’s troops fired indiscriminately, even targeting women, children, and elderly individuals.
  • Impact:
    • The massacre had a profound impact on India’s struggle for independence.
    • It permanently strained relations between India and Britain.
    • Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in response to this brutal incident.


Certainly! Here are some multiple-choice questions (MCQs) related to the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre:

MCQs on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

  1. What was the date of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?
    • A) April 13, 1919
    • B) May 15, 1920
    • C) March 10, 1918
    • D) June 5, 1921
    Answer: A) April 13, 1919
  2. Where did the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre take place?
    • A) Delhi
    • B) Lahore
    • C) Amritsar
    • D) Kolkata
    Answer: C) Amritsar
  3. Who was the British officer responsible for ordering the firing on the unarmed crowd at Jallianwala Bagh?
    • A) General Montgomery
    • B) General Dyer
    • C) Colonel Smith
    • D) Major Brown
    Answer: B) General Dyer

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World Homoeopathy Day is observed annually on April 10th

World Homoeopathy Day is observed annually on April 10th to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy.

History of Homeopathy: In ancient times, Dr. Hahnemann experimented with quinine’s symptoms, laying the foundation for individualized treatment. Developed a holistic approach that became modern homeopathy’s cornerstone.

Significance of World Homoeopathy Day: World Homoeopathy Day honors the work of German physician and chemist Dr. Samuel Hahnemann on his birth anniversary.

Theme for World Homoeopathy Day 2024: “Homeoparivar: One Health, One Family.” It emphasizes the holistic approach of homeopathy, considering the well-being of both individuals and families.

Q: When is World Homoeopathy Day observed annually?

a) April 1st
b) April 10th
c) May 5th
d) June 15th

Ans : b) April 10th

Q: Who is honored on World Homoeopathy Day?

a) Dr. Albert Einstein
b) Dr. Samuel Hahnemann
c) Dr. Louis Pasteur
d) Dr. Sigmund Freud

Ans : b) Dr. Samuel Hahnemann

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World Health Day:  7th April

World Health Day, celebrated annually on  7th April, and holds significant importance in the global health calendar.

Key points about World Health Day:

Origins and Purpose:

  • The day commemorates the founding of WHO and aims to raise awareness about critical health issues.
  • The World Health Assembly in 1948 decided to observe April 7th each year as World Health Day, starting from 1950 .

Theme for World Health Day 2024: “My Health, My Right”:

The theme for World Health Day 2024 is “My health, my right.”

Q: What is the theme for World Health Day 2024?

A) “Healthy Living, Happy Life”
B) “My Health, My Right”
C) “Global Wellness Awareness”
D) “Healthcare for All”

Ans : B) “My Health, My Right”

Q: When is World Health Day celebrated annually?

A) March 8th
B) April 7th
C) May 1st
D) June 15th

Ans : B) April 7th

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International Day of Conscience : April 5th

The International Day of Conscience is celebrated annually on April 5th, aiming to promote peace, harmony, and ethical decision-making worldwide.

  1. Establishment: Established by the United Nations in 2019, it emphasizes the importance of individual conscience in fostering a more just and compassionate society.
  2. Universal Concept: Conscience is seen as a universal concept that transcends cultural, religious, and geographical boundaries, highlighting the innate moral compass within each individual.
  3. Purpose: The day serves as a reminder of the significance of honesty, integrity, and empathy, encouraging people to listen to their inner voice of conscience and uphold moral values.
  4. Activities: Various organizations, communities, and individuals engage in educational initiatives, workshops, and awareness campaigns to promote ethical decision-making and moral values.
  5. Advocacy: The day serves as a platform for advocating social justice, environmental sustainability, and the protection of human rights, fostering dialogue and collaboration among diverse groups.
  6. Hope and Responsibility: In a world marked by conflict and discord, the International Day of Conscience offers hope by reaffirming our collective responsibility to strive for a more peaceful and equitable future.
  7. Commitment: By honoring this day, individuals and communities reaffirm their commitment to upholding the principles of conscience, compassion, and integrity, fostering a world where dignity and justice prevail for all.

Q: When is the International Day of Conscience celebrated?

A) April 1st
B) April 5th
C) May 10th
D) June 15th

Ans : B) April 5th

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Good Friday: Commemorating the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

Good Friday, observed on March 29, 2024, is a solemn day in the Christian calendar. It marks the Friday before Easter Sunday and is characterized by solemn church services, fasting, and reflection. Christians worldwide commemorate this day with reverence, remembering the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

Significance:

  • Good Friday is a day of mourning and reflection for Christians all over the world.
  • It commemorates the sacrifice of Jesus Christ and His suffering on the cross.
  • The events of Good Friday lead to the resurrection on Easter Sunday, which is celebrated as the triumph of life over death.

Q: What is the significance of Good Friday in the Christian calendar?

A) Celebration of Jesus’ birth
B) Commemoration of Jesus’ crucifixion
C) Observance of the Last Supper
D) Recognition of the resurrection

Answer: B) Commemoration of Jesus’ crucifixion

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Shaheed Diwas – March 23 : Martyrdom day of Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev

March 23 is observed as the martyrdom day of three valiant freedom fighters: Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev.

  1. They faced the gallows with unwavering resolve in Lahore Central Jail in 1931, shouting slogans of “Inquilab Zindabad” (long live the revolution) as the noose tightened around their necks.
  2. Bhagat Singh, known for his fiery revolutionary spirit, became a symbol of resistance against British colonial rule, inspiring many with his courage and intellect.
  3. Rajguru and Sukhdev, alongside Bhagat Singh, were steadfast patriots committed to the cause of freedom.
  4. Their sacrifice ignited a fire in the hearts of millions and propelled the struggle for independence forward.

Q: Which date is solemnly observed as the martyrdom day of Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev?

a) March 22
b) March 23
c) April 23
d) April 22

Ans : b) March 23

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World Kidney Day : second Thursday of March, every year

The World Kidney Day is observed on the second Thursday of March, every year to create awareness among the people about kidney health and the various diseases that can affect its normal function.

World Kidney Day (14 March 2024) theme is- “Kidney Health For All”. The theme focuses on the increasing burden of chronic kidney disease and achieving optimal kidney care to overcome these challenges at different levels. Kidneys are one of the most important organs of the body and help remove the toxins from the body to keep it fit and healthy.

Q: When is World Kidney Day celebrated every year? 

(A) The first Monday of March 
(B) The second Thursday of March
(C) The last Friday of March
(D) A random day in March

Ans : (B) The second Thursday of March

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International Women’s Day, celebrated annually on March 8

International Women’s Day, celebrated annually on March 8, is a day dedicated to recognizing and honoring the remarkable contributions of women worldwide. Let’s delve into the significance and theme for International Women’s Day 2024:

History: International Women’s Day originated from women’s movements in the early 20th century. Designated by the United Nations in 1975, it serves as a powerful reminder of the ongoing fight for gender equality.

2024 Theme: Inspire Inclusion: The campaign theme for International Women’s Day 2024 is “Inspire Inclusion”.

Q: What is the date of International Women’s Day?

A) March 8
B) April 15
C) May 1
D) June 21

A) March 8

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