Jallianwala Bagh Massacre : 13 April 1919

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also known as the Amritsar Massacre, was a tragic incident in Indian history. On 13 April 1919, General Dyer, a British officer, ordered his troops to open fire on an unarmed crowd gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab. The crowd had assembled to peacefully protest against the oppressive Rowlatt Act, which allowed for the arrest and detention of Indians without trial.

key details:

  • Date: April 13, 1919
  • Location: Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, India
  • Casualties:
    • At least 379 people lost their lives.
    • Over 1,500 were injured.
  • Context:
    • The crowd was trapped within the enclosed walls of Jallianwala Bagh, making escape impossible.
    • General Dyer’s troops fired indiscriminately, even targeting women, children, and elderly individuals.
  • Impact:
    • The massacre had a profound impact on India’s struggle for independence.
    • It permanently strained relations between India and Britain.
    • Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in response to this brutal incident.

Certainly! Here are some multiple-choice questions (MCQs) related to the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre:

MCQs on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

  1. What was the date of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?
    • A) April 13, 1919
    • B) May 15, 1920
    • C) March 10, 1918
    • D) June 5, 1921
    Answer: A) April 13, 1919
  2. Where did the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre take place?
    • A) Delhi
    • B) Lahore
    • C) Amritsar
    • D) Kolkata
    Answer: C) Amritsar
  3. Who was the British officer responsible for ordering the firing on the unarmed crowd at Jallianwala Bagh?
    • A) General Montgomery
    • B) General Dyer
    • C) Colonel Smith
    • D) Major Brown
    Answer: B) General Dyer
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