Key Findings of NITI Aayog’s National Multidimensional Poverty Index Report

Main points from the National Multidimensional Poverty Index released by NITI Aayog on 17 July 2023 at New Delhi :

  1. The number of people living in multidimensional poverty in the country has decreased from 24.85 percent to 14.96 percent between 2015-16 and 2019-21.
  2. Approximately 13.5 crore people have escaped multidimensional poverty during this period.
  3. India is making significant progress in achieving Sustainable Development Goals, specifically target 1.2, ahead of schedule by 2030.
  4. Poverty in rural areas has sharply declined from 32.59 percent to 19.28 percent during the mentioned period.
  5. Uttar Pradesh has experienced the highest decline in the number of poor, with 3.43 crore people, followed by Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.
  6. The states showing the fastest reduction in the proportion of multidimensional poverty are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Rajasthan.
  7. Improvement in nutrition, years of schooling, sanitation, and cooking fuel has played a significant role in reducing poverty.
  8. The National Multidimensional Poverty Index measures poverty based on health, education, and living standards at national, state, and district levels, helping shape reform plans for States and Union Territories.
  9. NITI Aayog CEO B.V.R. Subrahmanyam, released the report and briefed the media.

Q.: Which state in India registered the highest decline in the number of poor according to the National Multidimensional Poverty Index released by NITI Aayog in July 2023?
A) Bihar
B) Madhya Pradesh
C) Uttar Pradesh
D) Odisha

Answer: C) Uttar Pradesh

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