States Current Affairs

Current Affairs from States of India, important for Competitive Exam. 

First Uttar Pradesh International Trade Show in Greater Noida from 21 to 25 September 2023

President Droupadi Murmu inaugurated the first Uttar Pradesh International Trade Show in Greater Noida on September 21, 2023. The event is being held at the India Expo Mart in Knowledge Park of Greater Noida and will run until September 25, 2023.

  • The trade show aims to provide international exposure and market opportunities for products, specialties, cuisine, and culture of Uttar Pradesh.
  • More than 400 participants from over 60 countries have registered for the event.
  • Over 2000 exhibitors will showcase products across various sectors, including automobiles, handicrafts, healthcare, food processing, pharmaceuticals, dairy, electronics, and e-commerce.
  • The trade show is an initiative to bring together products from Uttar Pradesh for a larger market.
  • It features products such as ODOP (One District One Product) products and GI-Tag products manufactured in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The event facilitates connections between B2B and B2C buyers from India and abroad.
  • It includes conferences, demos, live performances, and awards to facilitate business deals and honor outstanding products.
  • The event offers enterprises in Uttar Pradesh an opportunity to showcase their products, expand their reach, and connect with a wider customer base.
  • Various sectors, including agriculture, defense corridor, e-commerce, education, film, food processing, health & wellness, IT/ITES, MSMEs, renewable energy, sports, tourism & hospitality, toy association, warehouse & logistics, and women entrepreneurs, are expected to be represented at the event.

Q.: What is the primary purpose of Uttar Pradesh International Trade Show (UPITS) held in Greater Noida from 21 to 25 September 2023?

a) To promote local tourism
b) To showcase international products
c) To provide market opportunities for Uttar Pradesh products
d) To facilitate cultural exchanges

Ans : c) To provide market opportunities for Uttar Pradesh products

Confirmed cases of Nipah Virus (NiV) found in Kerala

  1. In Kerala, three individuals have tested positive for the Nipah virus, confirmed by the National Institute of Virology, Pune on 12 September 2023.
  2. Among the confirmed cases, a 40-year-old man has died, and two others are undergoing treatment in Kozhikode. One of the patients is a critically ill 9-year-old boy who is on life support.
  3. It is suspected that a person who died last month due to comorbid conditions may have also been positive for the Nipah virus, as they were close relatives of those currently under treatment.
  4. Three central teams, including a mobile team from the National Institute of Virology (NIV), are scheduled to arrive in Kerala to assess the situation.
  5. The State Animal Husbandry and Forest Departments will conduct a survey of bat habitats as part of the response.

Nipah virus (NiV)

Nipah virus is a zoonotic disease with initial symptoms including fever, headache, and respiratory issues. It can spread through infected animals, contaminated food, or person-to-person contact. First identified in Malaysia in 1999, it has caused outbreaks in Bangladesh and India.

There’s no specific treatment or vaccine, and supportive care is the main approach. The World Health Organization considers it a priority for research and development due to its potential for outbreaks.

Q.: Which of the following animal species is a natural reservoir for Nipah virus (NiV)?
A. Pigs
B. Bats
C. Dogs
D. Cows 

Answer: B. Bats

Country’s first solar city inaugurated in Sanchi of Madhya Pradesh

Country’s first solar city, Sanch, Madhya Pradesh has been inaugurated by state Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan on 6 September 2023.

  1. Sanchi Solar City is expected to annually reduce approximately 13,747 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to more than 2 lakh adult trees. It will also result in an annual saving of more than 7 crore rupees in energy-related expenses for the government and citizens.
  2. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has set a target to develop a solar city in every state of India by 2070, aligning with the national goal for sustainable energy.
  3. Efforts have been made to attract tourism to Sanchi by reducing environmental pollution through the implementation of eco-friendly facilities.
  4. The city has introduced battery-operated e-rickshaws and garbage vehicles, contributing to eco-friendly transportation. Additionally, e-vehicle charging stations have been installed to promote electric vehicle usage.

Q.: What is the name of the country’s first solar city inaugurated in Madhya Pradesh?

a) Indore solar gram
b) Bhopal, Sun city
c) Gwalior, Sun roof
d) Sanchi Solar City

Ans : d) Sanchi Solar City

Gyanvapi mosque case : Varanasi Court Orders Scientific Survey

On 21 July 2023, Varanasi District Judge court has issued an order for a scientific survey of the Gyanvapi mosque, which is located near the Kashi Vishwanath temple in Varansi, Uttar Pradesh. However, the survey will not include the ‘wazukhana’ area, which is used by Muslims.

Gyanvapi mosque : Dispute

The Gyanvapi mosque case in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, revolves around a legal dispute concerning the ownership of the land where the mosque is situated. It originated in 1991 when local priests filed a suit in the Varanasi Civil Court to gain permission for worship in the Gyanvapi Mosque Complex. They claimed that the mosque was constructed on the site of the demolished portion of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in the 17th Century.

Q.: What is the Gyanvapi mosque case about in Varanasi ?

A) A dispute over the ownership of the Gyanvapi Mosque
B) A legal battle regarding the construction of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple
C) A controversy over the scientific survey of the Gyanvapi Mosque
D) A depute about Ganga corridor in Varanasi

Answer: A) A dispute over the ownership of the Gyanvapi Mosque

Ajit Pawar Joins Shiv Sena-BJP Government as Deputy Chief Minister in Maharashtra

Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) leader Ajit Pawar joined the Shiv Sena-BJP government in Maharashtra and became the Deputy Chief Minister on 2nd July 2023.

  • The state will now have two Deputy Chief Ministers, with the other being BJP leader Devendra Fadnavis.
  • Eight other NCP leaders also took oath as ministers along with Ajit Pawar.
  • Ajit Pawar resigned as Leader of the Opposition after a meeting with NCP MLAs.
  • Ajit Pawar expressed dissatisfaction after being denied the opportunity to work as the state unit chief of NCP.
  • Chief Minister Eknath Shinde stated that the government is focused on the development of the state and highlighted Ajit Pawar’s belief in development.
  • NCP Chief Sharad Pawar mentioned that party MLAs and senior leaders will discuss possible actions against the rebel leaders.
  • Jitendra Awhad was appointed as the new Leader of the Opposition in the state Assembly.

Q: Who recently joined the Shiv Sena-BJP government in Maharashtra as the Deputy Chief Minister?
a) Devendra Fadnavis
b) Sharad Pawar
c) Ajit Pawar
d) Eknath Shinde

Answer: c) Ajit Pawar

US chip giant Micron will set up a semiconductor assembly and testing plant in Gujarat with a total investment of $2.75 billion.

  • US chip maker Micron will invest $825 million to build a chip assembly and testing facility in Gujarat. The combined investment by Macron and the Central and Gujarat governments will be $2.75 billion.
  • Phased construction of the new assembly and test facility in Gujarat is expected to begin this year.
  • Phase 1, which will include five million square feet of planned cleanroom space, will become operational in late 2024, and Micron will gradually increase capacity over time in line with global demand trends.
  • The move will create 5,000 new direct Micron jobs and 15,000 community jobs over the next several years. Micron will receive 50% financial assistance from the Government of India towards the total project cost and 20% incentive from the Government of Gujarat towards the total project cost.

Qns : Which company is planning to invest in a chip assembly and testing facility in Gujarat?
(A) Intel
(B) Samsung
(C) Micron
Ans : (C) Micron

Ethnic Clash in Manipur : Meitei-Tribal Violence in 2023

  • An ethnic clash erupted on May, 2023, in Manipur, India, between the Meitei people and tribal communities like the Kuki and Zo peoples.
  • The Meitei people have been demanding Scheduled Tribe status, which would grant them privileges similar to tribal communities under the Indian Constitution.
  • The tribal communities opposed this demand, leading to clashes and violence.
  • At least 98 people have been killed, and more than 300 others were injured in the violence.
  • The Indian Army deployed close to 10,000 troops and paramilitary forces to restore law and order.
  • Internet services in the state were suspended for five days, and “shoot on sight” orders were given to the troops in extreme cases.
  • A retired Chief Justice-led panel will investigate the violence, and a peace committee will be established under the Governor and security advisor Kuldeep Singh.
  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) will probe six cases related to conspiracy in the violence.
  • Manipur is a state in northeast India with the Meitei people dominating the Imphal Valley, while the surrounding hills are inhabited by tribal communities like Kukis and Nagas.
  • The Meitei people have limited settlement rights in the hilly regions, while tribal populations can settle in the valley.
  • The Meiteis hold political power in the Manipur Legislative Assembly, leading to complaints from tribal groups about unequal government spending.
  • The violence in 2023 was triggered by efforts to remove illegal immigrants and the withdrawal of Suspension of Operation agreements with Kuki militant groups.
  • The violence resulted in the deployment of military forces, displacement of thousands of people, and destruction of property.
  • Recurrent violence occurred, with a fresh outbreak on June 14 resulting in multiple deaths and injuries.

Question : What is the primary cause of the conflict in Manipur?
a) Political rivalry
b) Religious differences
c) Ethnic clashes between Meitei and tribal communities
d) Economic disparities

Ans : c) Ethnic clashes between Meitei and tribal communities

Government e-Marketplace will organize buyer-seller workshops in all 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh.

Government e-Marketplace (GeM) will organize buyer-seller workshops in all 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh from 12th June 2023. The workshop will continue till 31 August 2023.

About GeM :

Government e-Marketplace (GeM) is the Public Procurement Portal for procurement of goods and services for all Central Government and State Government Ministries, Departments, Public Sector Units (PSUs) and affiliated. GeM endeavours to make public procurement process transparent, efficient and inclusive. A new Rule No. 149 in the General Financial Rules, 2017 has been issued by the Ministry of Finance authorizing and mandating purchases through GeM by government users.

The platform is owned by GeM SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle), a 100% government-owned, non-profit company under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India. The present Chief Executive Officer of Government e-Marketplace is Mr. Prashant Kumar Singh, a 1993 batch IAS officer of Manipur Cadre.

Purpose & Date of commencement :

Government e Marketplace (or e-Marketplace) (GeM) is an online platform for public procurement in India. The initiative was launched on August 9, 2016 by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India with the objective of creating an open and transparent procurement platform for government buyers.

Qns : What is GeM?
(A) A platform for online shopping
(B) An online platform for the procurement of goods and services
(C) A social media platform for government officials
(D) A financial management system for government departments
Ans : (B) An online platform for the procurement of goods and services

Maharashtra CM Eknath Shinde launched Asia’s biggest cluster development scheme in Thane.

  • On June 2023, Maharashtra Chief Minister Eknath Shinde has launched Asia’s largest, ambitious and historic cluster development plan in Thane.
  • The scheme was envisaged for mass redevelopment of unauthorized and official dangerous buildings after the Sairaj Building collapse in Thane, which claimed 18 lives.
  • The redeveloped township plan includes well equipped health, educational, sports, recreational, parking, mandi and civic amenities. CIDCO will execute this project. Under the project, integrated redevelopment project will be done on the lines of township.
  • The occupants will get a self-occupied house of 323 sq.ft. The scheme will be implemented not only in Thane but also in Mumbai and Mira-Bhayander area of ​​Thane district.
  • 10,000 houses will be constructed in the first phase of the cluster development in Thane over an area of ​​1500 acres.

Qns : In which state of India, Asia’s largest cluster development scheme has been launched?
(A) Kerala
(B) Goa
(C) Punjab
(D) Maharashtra

Ans : (D) Maharashtra

India’s first carbon neutral village is being developed in Bhiwandi taluka of Thane district.

  • India’s first carbon neutral village is being developed in Bhiwandi taluka of Thane district. 121 tribal villages are being developed as model villages.
  • In Bhiwandi Lok Sabha constituency, around 1,75,000 farmers are getting benefited from Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Yojana.
  • The initiative aims to reduce carbon emissions and promote sustainable practices for a cleaner and greener environment.
  • These model villages serve as examples for sustainable development, demonstrating effective infrastructure, facilities and improved living conditions.
  • This scheme provides financial assistance to the farmers, enhances their livelihood and promotes agricultural development.

Qns : In which district of India is the first carbon-neutral village being developed?
(A) Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh
(B) Thane, Maharashtra
(C) Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh
(D) Indore, Madhya Pradesh
Ans : (B) Thane, Maharashtra

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